What Is Journalism?

Posted in Local journalism on April 23rd, 2016 by Mason Fletcher

Journalism Defined:

Noun:

1.

the occupation of reporting, writing, editing, photographing, or broadcasting news or of conducting any news organization as a business.

2.

press1(def 31).

3.

a course of study preparing students for careers in reporting, writing, and editing for newspapers and magazines.

4.

writing that reflects superficial thought and research, a popular slant, and hurried composition, conceived of as exemplifying topical newspaper or popular magazine writing as distinguished from scholarly writing:

He calls himself a historian, but his books are mere journalism.

Broadcast Journalist.

Broadcast Journalist.

Noun:

1.

the profession or practice of reporting about, photographing, or editing news stories for one of the mass media

2.

newspapers and magazines collectively; the press

3.

the material published in a newspaper, magazine, etc: this is badly written journalism

4.

news reports presented factually without analysis

Word Origin and History for journalism

n.

1821, regarded as a French word at first, from French journalisme (1781), from journal (see journal ).

Journalism will kill you, but it will keep you alive while you’re at it. [Horace Greely (1811-1872), U.S. journalist]

Journalese “language typical of newspaper articles or headlines” is from 1882.

Journalist's typewriter

Journalist’s typewriter

Where men are insulated they are easily oppressed; when roads become good, and intercourse is easy, their force is increased more than a hundred fold: when, without personal communication, their opinions can be interchanged, and the people thus become one mass, breathing one breath and one spirit, their might increases in a ratio of which it is difficult to find the measure or the limit. Journalism does this office …. [“New Monthly Magazine,” London, 1831]


[Géo] London was in western France covering the trial of a parricide that began in mid-afternoon. Because he had an early deadline, he telephoned a story that he was certain would take place: an angry crowd cursing the accused as he was marched to the courthouse from his holding cell at the police station. London then relaxed over lunch until he saw with dismay the guards and the prisoner coming but “not even the shadow of a gawker.” His reputation at stake, he stalked to the door, cried out, “Kill him!” and returned to his table. [Benjamin F. Martin, “France in 1938″]


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