The 5 Core Values of Journalism

Posted in Home Furnishings, Local journalism, Uncategorized on January 11th, 2021
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there are about 400 codes of conduct around the world plaster all aspects of journalism some of them are very short some of them are very long but actually all of them are certainly be concentrated on five key significances for journalism and the first of them is accuracy I won’t say truth because truth is a very long word it actually comes us into a discussion about certainly what is true and what is not true but accuracy is very important so therefore the first principle is no fraudulent handling of the facts we work in fact so fact-based information furthermore there’s the principle of independence the make that you do is your own work but it’s not on behalf of anyone else you’re not there to be a spokesman for the government you’re not there to be a representative of a particular business group or a special interest group you have transparency in what the hell are you do so that when you are speaking on dealing with your gathering and inducing substance you’re acting independently as an independent professional thirdly there is the principle of impartiality that is to say you recognize that there’s more than one surface of a narrative and very often there’s more than two sides of a story and as a journalist you’re responsible for glancing and thinking about what are the other sides of this story here is one story that’s being told but what are the other rulings that I need to bring in to reach the narration whole and then fourthly there’s the question of humanity as a correspondent you’re expected to show humanity and what I mean by that is you’re expected to be aware of the consequences of what you publish and what you broadcast so you have to be aware but sometimes the words you use the pictures you should–you you demo can do damage they can be harmful to parties it’s not the job of a writer to do unto you mischief it’s our job to protect people and it’s very important that when we are in reporting we don’t indulge in a abhor discussion we don’t reveal of sit obscene idols we don’t evidence unnecessarily explicit epitomes of violence and so on because we are part of a humanitarian process and that’s what journalism should be so humanity is a very important part of it and fifthly is the issue of accountability it’s the one that’s probably most difficult for writers and that’s a we’re not a humble radical we find it difficult to say sorry and to admit our mistakes even though we can be hurting in our review of others but we have to do that we have to engage with the gathering and we have to correct our mistakes and we have to be prepared to provide panaceas when we got when we get it wrong and do detriment so these principles are pretty straightforward accuracy independent impartiality humanity and accountability go to the things that won’t fix journalism different and different

Steve Kroft Interview: The Future of Journalism

Posted in Home Furnishings, Local journalism, Uncategorized on January 5th, 2021
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I think that you just have to be persistent and look for a job and in feel fortunate if you mix when the sheet you’re living it’s very difficult but i think it’s it’s going to evolve over time things are going to get i think better than they are right now I think we’re sonic kind of in the midst of large quantities of highly tumultuous deepen technological change and I do think that the things are going to improve I one of the things that’s important likewise for people in this business to remember them you’ve got the skills do lots of other things besides journalism it’s not like you have your particularly the young people have your whole life tied up in in one business the ability to know how to write and gather information and collate it and coordinate it is a skill that is going to be there forever so parties shouldn’t be discouraged you’ve got an prestigious 40 -year career how has it reformed you know through the 40 well I started out when we were shooting film in the news rooms and had to develop in a way 45 instants for the film to develop before you could start editing it and so that’s a long time ago and I went through video strip and now we’re shooting on discs and I went through stages where it was fairly small to a station where it got very big in terms of the number of people that were employed and now it’s shrinking again so you know goes through cycles/seconds but I think that that journalism is too important and the flow of information is too important to go away and I think what it needs is a business model and I’m confident that somebody is going to come come up with

Journalism Major Tom George’s Report for WUSA9

Posted in Home Furnishings, Local journalism, Uncategorized on December 29th, 2020
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tomorrow the University of Maryland will be holding its 14 th annual Maryland day it is a celebration of everything turp pertained and it’s family friendly and it’s got 400 interactive exhibits workshops even live conducts 9news now is teaming up with the university for the large-scale daylight we gave young people at the school the opportunity to do their own news story and they research their topic make their own shooting writing and editing tonight one of the entries we received the student reporter is 21 year old Tom George from Columbia Maryland and the topic is farm breweries bradham frying his family this isn’t your typical farm going back and forth I weigh the pros and cons and well I’m more of a beer party than I am a wine person regardles so I decided to go with beer with regional wineries previously popular in Frederick County fry is set to open one of maryland’s first-ever farm breweries little shoots coming up here and he’s doing it all from scratch picking the best hops and seeding them in rows where they can grow more than 20 paws high-pitched I gotta say some of the older guys are definitely rolling their eyes about this even my own my own brother and I’m hoping to prove him rolling over the next ten years my friend Riley also was down the street he said that I he’s really the one the only beings on the street isn’t ripening eyes for in a little bit left out it’s a big journey from the jackpots to the hop studies straight to the Red Solo Cup this here is a pale ale and it’s pretty good thanks to a statement just passed by the Maryland General Assembly that now awaits the governor’s signature fries Brewing Company can open for everyone this summer the sponsor of the bill was Harford County senator Barry Glassman as long as they use Maryland grown agricultural products and crafting the viewers so it is a whole new market for Maryland farmers a market fry is trying to tap into soon this barn will be a craft beer store this dairy shed will house the brewing equipment for now though it’s a lot of hard work we’ve been burst our backs you know it’s a lot of fun but at the same time there’s nothing genuinely to show for divulging your purses I’m George for 9 story now Wow Tom huge job and there are four other student story stories you can check out just go to our website WS a9 com look under our regional information region meantime those people will dread for our jobs and if you want to check out Maryland day just stop by the College Park campus between 10 am-4 p.m.tomorrow there are events there for just about everybody including a carnival for the boys and journeys inside the wind tunnel after that stuff by night all to meet the Nine News Now team I’ll be there Leslie topper Howard aundrea even more well let you try your hand at being in TV meteorologists and i can tell you not much to that pretty darn easy.

Data Journalism & Visualization for Rookies: Introduction to Data Journalism

Posted in Home Furnishings, Local journalism, Uncategorized on December 23rd, 2020

all right hi everyone welcome to today g9 to talk about data journalism and visualizations for rookies for beginners right so this series consists of four weeks today is the first week and then we’ll have three are the weeks to talk about different parts different sections you know after journalism and just to remind you that this is a webinar for beginners so if you are ready a data journalist maybe this is not for you but of course you are still welcome you know to followers today we are going to have do a introduction to data journalism just very simple sorry guys I will have to share my screen again yep yep today we are going to talk about a introduction to data journalism and I’m going to show you some of the I think is some of the best data-driven stories online and we are going to look at also you know how do we find data and different data sources all right this webinar is brought to you by Google News initiative as well as data n data n is actually my own company we do data journalism training for newsrooms and generalists besides from training we are also doing advocacy for data a storytelling open data we also collaborate with newsrooms and journalists on data projects and things like that and you can see that those are the some of my partners and newsrooms that we have worked together before alright so just now I just to recap for today we are going to learn about the turns and impacts of data journalism and we’re also going to look at different types of data-driven stories right data when it comes people used to have the impression that data is boring because there are numbers you know it’s cold right and then it’s not that interesting so hopefully today by in this one hour I will be able to show you that data journalism can be very engaging at the same time can be very attractive you know and I mean we attractive can and very interesting you know for a lot of people and the second part of today’s webinar we are going to talk to the they talk about you know where and how to find data online and next week we are going to talk to talk about and how do you explore data sets and to find stories and the other two weeks will be one on data visualizations and the last week will be on digital map you know how do you use map to help to tell the stories okay so let’s start with a very simple question so what is Theta journalism right to answer the questions you can go for the simplest answer which is data journalism done with data but that doesn’t really help much right you know we all know of course the idealism is the idealism is each other and our data so to be more exact right and the data can be the source of data journalism just like when we go out as journalists we interview someone and we come back and we use that interview as our story so this time instead of interviewing the person or you know covering an event we try to interview at the data right become our source of story or it can be the tool which the story is told right we have the story and we use the data to help us to press end the story or it can be both right data can be the source of a story it can also be the tool or the stories right so just remember these two things you know you can use data as the source of your reporting or you can use it as a tool to tell your report but what does a data general journalist do you know so if you’re doing if I tell people that I am a data journalism what does that mean what do I do right so the skill sets here it’s a little bit different from the traditional journalists right so in terms of doing data journalism some of the processes some of the works that we have to do including the gathering the cleaning organizing of the data after you organize the data you analyze the data you analyze the data you find interesting insights or you find the answers that you want and you present the data using visualizing and of course eventually you publish the data and however we are different from data scientists we are different from data engineers because the whole process here at the whole skill set here is to support the acts of journalism so we are still a journalist our main responsibility is still to inform the public as well as to keep the powers in check right check and balance right as the Fourth Estate you know as you know we all most of journals will we understand this right so just that the skill sets is different processes is different but it is still journalism it is still to tell stories to inform the public and to perform check and balance on the people with power right and then now we have a basic understanding about data journalism but what what about data right when we talk about data we always think about numbers right but just remember this data is not just numbers data means structured information right structured information here means the information it’s pretty repeatable in a predictable structure for example you know that each person right if you are filling up a form right or you will ask the person about the name so maybe your ID you know there’s some some countries there are like national ID you have each you have address you have date of birth you have phone number right so all these are information but there are repeatable right you go to the second person the second person when they are filling out the form they also have to tell you the name the national ID number the address each the mobile phone right so it keeps repeatable it keeps repeating in a predictable structure so you know that each person that fill out the forms will have this five or six information right so it keeps repeatable right so not just numbers right it could be for example tweets you know if someone who is a Twitter user and someone has been tweeting every day so you know that when you collect the tweets by this person you will know that you know this is what he or she has tweet there’s a time that’s a date and they could be a link and that could be a hashtag and it could be a media right it could be a video it could be a picture right so structured information not just numbers so just remember this so so just don’t think about oh data’s there will be numbers no sometimes it could be text sometimes it could be other types of media right so why are but the agile is actually not a new field right in as early as you know 50 years ago or in the 1990s you know we already in the media industry we already have this thing called precision journalism later it became ciear car not the car I would drive about car stands for a computer-aided reporting right so now we call it data journalism and the rise of the diligence in the past 10 years right it’s around that is because some of the is because our life have changed right so we now have generate a huge amount of data and most importantly this data can be collected right in a cheaper in a faster in a more efficient way and the data collector is very granular right so I just want to draw your attention to this picture in this this photo in this slide this is actually a toilet paper dispenser in China you know I found this when I went there for for traveling so this was installed at public toilet so when you want to take a piece of toilet paper you need to use your mobile phone to scan the QR code on the dispenser so every time you want to take a piece of paper you have to scan one time so why do they make me make you force you to scan before you can get your toilet paper right because of course one of the reason is because they want to collect data right so when you scan your mobile is actually exchanging information with the device the dispenser right and from there the QR code that the other dispensary is able to get you know data from your mobile phone right so that data is used for a lot of reasons right so if you I’m not sure how they use the data here but if I am the manager of the toilet of all the toilets public toilets in the city I could use this number to determine to know that you know which area has a higher demand for public toilet which area has more users right and how many toilet papers you know use by each user right and how frequent should I fill up or should I chop up my toilet paper so I can do better planning in terms of you know where should I build my next toilet paper you know how frequent should I send my contractors to fill up the toilet papers and how much toilet paper should I buy for the coming years right so just using this example you see that you know first we generate a lot of data the second thing is that we are able to collect data and a very granular level right imagine you know the number of toilet papers that you use right it’s very very granular sometimes you think that you know this is like very detail very very detail about about your life but this is how government businesses are using data now right so with this trend we also have more accessibility to data many governments now have open data portal so they are sharing data with the citizens and you are able to access data right and because of the internet is much more faster now right reading data download you know even storing data is much faster and cheaper now right at the same time computational tools for example Google sheets for examples all kind of open-source free tools that you can use to analyze data it’s also more accessible right and the next part is about you know when we’re talking about data we talking about visualizations because we need to use some kind of visual forms to present our data and now more users right I’m not saying that all users but more users prefer visual driven information right so instead of writing you know full of text you know now people like to look at charts look at maps look at images and graphics and things like that right and the rise of information is another factor that pushed it our journalism is because we are able to use data to debunk or to check a lot of misinformation out there right if you have the skill to do that and the last one is because of the collapse of traditional media business model because nowadays more and more media when they move to online they found that the ads dollar that they get from online compared to you know the traditional platform for example newspapers you know TVs in the past right it’s much much lower so many media organizations are now trying to move from very real reliance on ads to these memberships or subscription models you know one of the most notable example is of course the New York Times right New Times now earn more revenue from subscriptions compared to an appeasement right and how does this related to data journalism because they originally was able to help you to produce better quality content and more engaging stories right and that will help you to get more subscribers on members right if you are trying to move from ads to subscription right so that is also another drive that drives data journalism okay so this is some some backgrounds about you know the development of their journalism and this also means that you know there are more opportunities for journalists so I’m going to show you about ten stories data-driven stories coming from you know different countries in the world to illustrate the points that you know what idea journalism is important to Anu streams and what impacts their journalism can create you know okay so the first story is done by Sun Sentinel this is story in 2013 right seven years ago Sun Sentinel is a local newspapers in the state of Florida in the United States right so remember it is not your time it is not Washington Post this is very local newspaper right and they are able to do better journalism right so I’m just going to switch it to the story alright so in this story there is actually a video let me just go back to the story page right so they produce a video to go together with the story but this is the the stories actually about um in the state of Florida they are there is a law that make it compulsory for sex offenders right when they are found guilty they were put in jail right so after that when they finished serving their sentence before they were released right they would have to go through a screening right a screening by psychologist screening by doctors and experts to make sure that these criminals you know they are safe to be released back to the society right if they are found not safe then they will have to be sent into a treatment facility for another some period of time before they can be screen and release again right so the sun-sentinel team here found that you know there are almost 600 people you know sex offenders right who were found to be safe and during the screening and they were released back to the society but they committed another sex crime within a very short period of time it means that it means that the screening process right the whole infrastructure and the facilities to trying to enforce the law the screening law right it’s not working right so how do they find this 600 criminals right because they look at all the documents right they will have to find okay who are the sex offenders and what when was they when were they found guilty when will they release and were they found to be safe or not safe and where they release okay when after they released did they commit another crime right and how long was the crime happen you know between the day they were released and the day they committed the crime right so they come by all these documents together and they found about 600 people who were found to be safe to be released back to the society but committed a sex crime in a very short time right so then they look at how much money has been spent you know for the screening facilities to hire experts psychologists write to screen these people before releasing them or before sending them to the treatment center right and they follow the money so these are taxpayers money right because the whole thing is Roman government so when this system doesn’t work it means that the taxpayers money has been wasted right so this is a very good example of a good example of not just look at you know sex crimes as individual case cases this is what we usually do right when there’s a rape happening we just focus on that case right but this is to take a step back and look at the bigger picture and to see if there is a structural problem or not right is this an isolated case or this is actually a structural problem and it found that this is actually a structural problem right so I’m going to play the video just give me one minute I have to do something different to play the video all right okay I’m now I without playing the video you have can happen look at a video the man dragging this woman away just got out of the treatment centers a sexually violent predators of some central investigation has found that Donald Stevens is one of hundreds of sex offenders Florida found safety relief who went on to harm again the jimmy rights law is supposed to protect the public from repeat sex offenders by keeping the most dangerous one locked up the law is named in memory of a nine year old South Florida boy who was raped and murdered his picture of course it just he still see it in your head so burns chelsa you know to think about it and to recall him the state is required to evaluate in me before they’re released and send those to society to a treatment center but we uncovered shocking failures dangerous predators have been turned loose only to attack again leaving a trail of new victims women raped children molested mothers daughters and grandmothers murdered in June another child died just a year younger than Jimmy rice eight year old cherish periwinkle disappeared from a Jacksonville Walmart her body discovered ten hours later in the woods behind a church police charged Donald Smith with raping and strangling the second grader Smith is a registered sex offender with a decade’s long history of exposing himself to children luring girls to his van and trying to kidnap them Florida had two chances to lock smith up under the Jimmy rice law and both failed he shouldn’t he should have been out you should have been out that was doing justice to her she shouldn’t happen you shouldn’t have Florida’s Department of Children and Families is responsible for identifying sex predators under the law the purpose of this alright guys I’m not going to play the whole video right because we don’t have time to watch the video but you get an idea right and in this story you observe that there is no there’s no chat at all right you don’t sometimes you don’t even know that this is actually a data story right so sometimes data so it doesn’t have to be you know how about charts about numbers right so in this case data is actually the source of the story they look at the data and they found that you know it is a structural problem it is not isolated cases and they’re basically a whole investigation using those data ok I saw some questions at the chat box and we will come to those questions at the end of our presentation today there will be a short Q&A sessions right all right let me just go through all the stories the second story is about in the this one I help with the stories by doing the maps and data analysis all right this is how we are looking at race crimes and the civilians camera the CCTV surveillance cameras at the city of San Luis in the US right and what we found is that in this city right we are trying to see where do they the way to the city and police deployed their CCTV right and you can see that if we remove the okay the all these circles right in yellow color you know in blue color they all show the locations of the civilians cameras right these are to fight crimes in the city right and we are trying to see which area has the highest numbers of civilians you know cameras and which area has lower number and are these cameras you know place at areas where there are more crimes or they are place according to other types of factors right so what we found is actually that they are not placed at areas where there are a lot of crime right you can see that the black cross here I represent the homicide in the year of 2018 okay so if you just zoom in you’ll see that for example in this area right that’s love there are homicides here right but you don’t see many civilians camera here but there are love civilian cameras in this area right but they’re not many crimes here right so the surveillance camera the questions here is that are the severe surveillance cameras you know place at the right locations to prevent crimes right and what we also found is that when the area has less popular population meaning that more white population and also when the area I can change it to income has higher income higher average income in that area you usually find more cameras in that area right so the whole story is about the San Luis real time crime centers protects businesses before people right so they put the cameras at wealthy neighborhood you know where there are more businesses and not poor neighborhood where there are more crime cases all right and you won’t we won’t be able to confirm that if we don’t look at the data and try to visualize it right even we get the data right when we first get a data from the police you know and locations of the cameras you know we can’t we can’t find this picture right we can’t picture it because um just look at the numbers right it’s very hard to see the relationship between the locations for the cameras and crimes and the income distribution and demographics right but when we make a map right by putting all this data all this information in a map then we are able to see the trend right you can see that it’s very clear that this area this is a poorer and more black population area you know with more crimes but most of the cameras are concentrated here this one where there are more businesses wealthier neighborhood and also more white people right and you know you can see it you can go and read the story it’s a very long story and investigation the map is just part of it right we also talked to the police we talked to the the activists we talked to the resident associations there to get their viewpoints right I just want to show you that this is also a way that we get data as a source of our story we get data to confirm our perception or trying to dismiss you know our perception or our hypothesis all right the next that you can use with data is you can use the data to show the trend and big picture right just now the first two stories you used to pay that with find stories that would never have been found okay if we don’t look at the data of the sex crimes you don’t look at the data of the CCTV cameras and crime rates you do you won’t be able to find the stories right but next is that we have a story you know we know that for example v19 pandemic you know we know that the story is there right you don’t have to go and find us the data – you don’t have to go and get the data the final story abuser stories there but you can use the data to tell better story using a data so let’s look at this example the first one is by the Financial Times right they have this convene 19 dashboard what I I believe is one of the best convene 19 dashboard and in the media now so it keeps updating with different visuals the latest one is this you know this is actually very good visualization to show that you know the tandem it has actually shifted from the America and Europe right you can see that this is the number of deaf right when in the middle meet much you can see there you know when the number of deaf increased most of it comes from Europe and UK you so sorry this UK this is the rest of Europe and this us right so after the biggest is around here is about mid April okay so after mid-april the numbers of death in both in US and Europe euro is the two blue colors yeah I’m have decrease but if you look at the total numbers right the blue numbers is that the length the width of the whole record is the stream you know still maintained right because why because while the numbers in US and Europe you know have decreased that’s a huge increase of number of deaths in the Latin America right so using this visualization is very easy to make that people see that you know how things have changed right starting from you know they mainly coming from US and Europe and slowly when they started to recover we are seeing that the Panama now is expanding in Latin America in Mexico Brazil and the rest of Latin America we also have see a significant increase in other parts of the world for example India Asia and Africa but compared to Latin America you know this is nothing right so the huge number right now most of them coming from Latin America right and not just that this page also allows you to compare the the curve of different countries you know so for example you are able to see whether your country has pick and whether your country your country has is able to record it to flatten the curve right for example if we can compare UK with Malaysia your simulator is here right you case yeah or you want to compare like countries in Southeast Asians or let’s say Singapore I want ass not appear okay sorry Indonesia right where else Thailand Thailand it’s not here it doesn’t cover all the countries yeah Philippines right now how you’re able to compare different countries right so this is using data to trying to show a bigger picture the trends right and you’re able to compare different countries right actually this Cove in nineteen pandemic has really you know level up data journalism whole because now a lot of journalists realize that wow data is data it’s the core in this pandemic right everyone when you’re during the lockdown everyday when you wake up you know you the first question or the second question you my ass is that how many cases we have today in our country because everyone wants to know what’s next when can we lift our lockdown or restrictions right and that all those decisions are based on the numbers so everyone learn to read the numbers or to interpret the numbers coming from the government right so journalists as journalists our responsibility is to inform the public we have to be data savvy in this case so that we are able to use the data released by the health authorities released by obligation right to inform our readers you know what to do and what to prepare right and this data by presenting the data in a easy way to understand in a in a approach that is engaging actually helps to educate the public right so that they know you know in order to flatten the curve what should they do and I feel they will have this sense of responsibility together right to fight against the pandemic right right another story it’s done by is in South Africa it is it is done by a group called passmark right this is to look at the education in South Africa so just very quickly I’ll just preview it right so they look at our how many children started their school in great one and they will look at you know over the 6 or 12 years how many students drop out and eventually how many children’s are able to when they first started great one and huh only about slightly more they have are able to graduate in Drey great wealth right and out of them out of the these numbers only this much are able to enter the university right right so this is a story very easy to understand story using data and visualization right to show you the big picture of education in South Africa ok got a very good purpose of the nationalism is it helps you to using visualization using data to explain a very complex concepts again I’m gonna use show you a very good story by Washington Post and this story is about the convene 19 dynamic and also what does flatten the curve means right and this story is interesting because it is you know according to Washington Post it is the most visited story since since Washington Post went online ok this is the most visited story right the number one story with a highest page view you know of any Washington Post stories online right why is it good right I believe most of you have seen this story before it uses a very simple visualizations this is when two people get contact and day and one person if we say Kobe 19 patient pass the virus to another person okay as simple as that and then it shows you like this is when business as usual everyone is moving and you see the disease spreads right to people and after sometimes of course people recover it right so the pink color here or the purple color here right are those who recover it so you see this curve right the brown color are those infected by the bar by the virus so you see that this is the curve okay okay all the time right after the pandemic pick you will see that the curve will be flattened right because people recovered right but the curve is kind of high in this case right so if there’s a quarantine for example this is quarantine right we quarantine these people for example these people may be you know they are they are cluster in a community quarantine them right so you see that these people who are free from infection right but what if the quarantine breaks right and slowly this group of people will in fact the people here however if you look at a curve here it’s lower than the first curve if you still remember right it’s lower than the first curve sorry the first scenario it’s the first curve the first scenario is a free-for-all because as usual everybody’s moving you know live as usual and you see the curve is high right this is like a semi quarantine write partial quarantine and you will see like this is what we call social distancing right I’ll stay at home right you stay at home you see that there are many people not moving only a small group of people are moving around so it is able to slow down the spreading of the disease and you see that the curve is much much much lower right so this is what we call it as flatten the curve right so if you are able to flatten the curve then we will not burden our medical facilities right we’ll have enough hospital beds for everyone will have enough ventilators for those who are in critical conditions and this is like a total lockdown right this is the most restricted scenario right total lockdown only a very small number of people are able to move around and you see that it lowers the spread of the disease significantly right you see the curve curve is like almost like nothing here compared right so this is actually a very simple visualization and simulation to make people understand why do we need to have social distancing why do we need to stay at home and why what what does it mean by flatten the curve right so eventually you see that this other one two three four the four different simulations and how the curve has been flattened right this is a free-for-all this is one it has a quarantine by the quarantine bricks and this moderate distancing this is an extensive distancing right okay so now you understand that why this is the most read stories of Washington Post right because the visual is really easy to understand okay right I’m going to speed up because we don’t have much time so the other one I want to show is that data journalism is able to help you to personalize news experience so I’m gonna use this story by New York Times all right this story is about global warming right but how do you make it relevant to each individual right so they are very smart for example you there’s an interactive here you just have to put in your hometown friends mum I come from a second-tier city in Malaysia and my city is called Baja so the great thing sir is that it is able to to you are able to find all a very small cities you know using this interactive you know although this is published by New York Times that is based in u.s.Right so my birth year is 1882 so you see that now when I was born right my city but Bahat I have about 25 days per year to reach 32 degrees Celsius right 32 is considered as like hot days right so it’s 25 days per year right but now today the numbers have oh sorry numbers have increased to it’s 25 days and now it has increased to 103 days right so which means my city my hometown is becoming more and more hot right when I when I were 80 you know they could be 180 s which means half of the year we would get 32 degrees right so then you scroll down again you will see that the map shows you where is very very spot upon where it’s about to pass sorry oops oh I’m scrolling too fast but bahut and then it compares to Jakarta compared to New Delhi and Europe Madrid and you know continue the story so the whole story is about global warming right but in this case because it is using the data right because behind behind this graph right is all data right it the the the webpage here you know it gets the data from the temperature data of all the different cities in the world and you are able to see the temperature data of your own hometown and that makes this topic of global warming you know not just a international issue that you feel it’s very far away from you but now this issue is very close to you right because it is using it is trying to show you the impacts of global warming on your own hometown right and so using data you’re able to do that we call this you know personalized news experience right we bring news and we make it personalized so that it is relevant to you as an individual all right not a country and not a city but I know it is you personally write your own hometown and using your age right as a measurement okay cool the other very good use of data is that you can use data to verify claims right there too so easier on the one on the left is done by factcheck.org what happen is that they keep fact-checking the statements made by President Trump right and President Trump claimed that you know just just recently last week he claimed that the crime statistics of us are at a level that is a historic only lowest it’s the lowest level in history of us right so they’re trying to get the data so they get data ensure that actually it is not right um the murder rate is actually lower in 2014 right compared to now now it’s actually highest right so using data you are able to verify claims with evidence right the second stories ties done by turtle in Jakarta turtle is a online website so this story was done in if I’m not mistaken acai 2018 what happens that is that beauty governor of Jakarta claim that the quality in Jakarta has reached the level the acceptable level defined by awh oh right Jakarta is a heavily polluted city equities always bad right so when if the equity is healthy right considered healthy right by the behavior standard is a huge thing it’s a huge thing sewed up the debit card the governor claiming that claim on Twitter right so turtle what they’re told is that turtle when to get the data from different sources right for example from the environmental agency and also from the US Embassy in Jakarta because US Embassy they have their own device that measure the air pollution index and they make that data open so by collecting all those data they’re able to prove that you know what the claim of the deputy governor is actually not accurate all right so it’s wrong right right and Dana Johnson helps you to build trust and credibility why do I say that because in many many organizations that do data journalism they share their data with the readers right so you are able to get the data that they use for their own analysis right basically they are telling you that you know we have nothing to hide with our stories we base our stories on this data if you don’t trust our story we share the data with you you can do your own analysis right so this makes the story more trustful and more credible right because you you’re not hiding anything from you right compared to traditional journalism know when you know sometimes be the organization like to quote sources anonymous sources or when you are interview someone you interview one hour but you only publish you know parts of the interview and people claim that you know are you trying to spin the story you’re trying to pick an angle that makes that person look bad or look good right but imperialism if you are able you know actually many media do that you know it’s to share the data that we use for their own analysis right the economies that did that 5:38 is a very famous direction on the website in the US they did I know New York Times sometimes do that as well they share that data with everyone so basically they are saying that we are transparent you can come and check our data and if you want to dispute our story you know you can use the data you know the same thing that we used to this view our story right right so hopefully by looking at all the stories that I just show you know you’re able to be convinced that you know data journalism in social media we use the hashtag DDJ to refers to data journalism it means data-driven journalism DDJ a hashtag DDJ right so data journalism has been proven the oven reports out there and I have worked with many newsrooms on data journalism right and what we found is that first it makes your report standout discourage plagiarism your competitors cannot just come and copy your story right because you have your own interactive components you have your own maps and charts and things like that they can’t just come and just copy and paste and even if you just copy and paste there would be you know there would be discovered you know very soon right because nobody else have that kind of stories and analysis based on the data right so it is able to increase the quality and depth of your stories and that translates to page views and time spent you know if a data story is done the right way it usually attracts a lot of views and time span it attracts younger audience because younger audience are more attracted to evidence-based journalism as well as visual driven ten right so eventually it helps to strengthen your brands so that you are not view as a traditional boring media but a digital savvy media you know they can use technology that can use every damn base methodology you know to do investigation right so that’s strengthen your brands as some media organizations and that will translate to what subscription and how to innovate your newsrooms right the more you do data-driven stories the more technology and technical skill sets and more creativity you need right because those are the very important elements in data journalism right because it is involved the skills of avidin based investigation based everything on base data analysis and also you know to be creative in the graphics and visualizations of the data just some global trend about the Dajjal ism this is a survey global survey done by ICFJ last year it found that 61% of journalists they analyze and use data for their storytelling and this weekly right and this number has increased from 36% in 2017 right almost double right so which means that data journalism is now far more common right then two years ago and this is a trend right more and more newsrooms are setting up their own data teams doing their own data stories right I’m gonna skip this right by the way I’m going to skip all these things so that but I will at the end of the webinar I’m gonna share with you the whole PowerPoint here the slide show so you are able you are able to access all the stories that have a share with you and all the resources that I’m going to share with you alright so don’t worry about taking notes or taking screenshots right just one very important point you know there are many impactful data journalism stories they don’t use any graphics so don’t be up stew obsessed with your with your graphics area the most common mistakes for many data journalists or for many newsrooms that start to do data journalism is that they aim for powerful graphics and not powerful journalism you have to remember this right data journalism is just part of journalism right our core business is still to inform the public to keep the powers in check right so we are trying to do impactful journalism not the most beautiful graphics in the world right not to have fancy interactive graphics but at the end it doesn’t really inform the readers about the issues right so journalism is at a core of the attachment data is a tool it’s an approach right it’s a methodology right so for example the first stories I show you the sun-sentinel story it doesn’t even have a chart right but the whole story is based on the data right the second story that you can check later is actually there’s one very important stories it’s about the number of ventilators in Kenya I’m sorry in Nigeria sorry Nigeria right so they actually go to a lot of documents to find the data to determine how many ventilators in the countries you know and they found that numbers very low right and the whole story doesn’t even have any graphics and you know visuals right but it is a very solid stories and very important stories that tells you you know how prepared the country of Nigeria you know in in combating the v19 panic so I always like to quote my colleague she’s also the data journalism trainer consultant she’s based in Europe no ever she has some very good article and she stressed that you know Dana Johnson is harnessing data to measure a problem to identify who has been impacted what is causing a problem and what is the solution so there are four things right measure the problem identify who has been impacted why is the cause of the problem and what is the solution right and why is it different from traditional Darren journalism is that very little journalism is based on this type of scientific research based methodology right so we are not just to report the existence of a problem right saying that oh there’s a rape case right there’s a sex offender right but we’re trying to uncover the root of the problem right to show that that’s actually a structural problem that we should look at you know not just isolated individual cases and if you are able to uncover that then you are able to produce impactful journalism right so that is the Jesus of today webinar these are some of the telogen is a Potter’s that you can I always refer to them they can you know give me a lot of inspiration mu why if I don’t know you know what kind of data stories are published by others you know check them out the first group is the English media in the West second group is English media in Asia third group is non-english media in Asia right for example temple compass katha data all three of them are based in Jakarta they publish in bahasa indonesia and the rest are in Mandarin right Chinese and the fourth group is actually some of the online database that and collects a lot of very good data stories right so if you are looking for inspiration this is where you can find a lot of good data storage right I will have much times I’m just going to just go through it really fast about where to find data so these are lists of possible data sources so don’t always think about government portals or government data right you can you can get data for example from researchers from University researchers sometimes you can get from NGOs right sometimes you can ask using the Freedom of Information request to get data sometimes and there are a lot of international data portals out there I’m going to share with you some of them these are two lists that I have compiled about international data bottles so you can go to these bottles and they all have their own database that allows you to search for data all right and you have to be creative when there’s no good data right for example in this case and during the pandemic covey 19 right in Indonesia right because there are many cases and detected so the official numbers of deaths caused by Kobe 19 released by the government is not that accurate so what happens that Reuters worthless journalist in Jakarta what they did is that they’re trying to look at the number of funeral services in Jakarta and this number is actually opened right they cannot find the official death numbers for example how many people died this month in Indonesia or in Jakarta kind of final number the number is not made public right but they’re able to find number of funeral service how many help people have funerals during that month and they found that in March and April this year the number of winners are very very high extraordinary higher and there’s a spike compared to the past two years okay the earliest date a day they found were in 2018 right so this shows that many people more people dying right during these two months and this could be caused by Kobe 19 right and this numbers is much lower than the Kobe 19 def numbers released by the government right so the story is no Chun in Jakarta funeral raises fears of our reporter corner a virus death right so be creative right when you go get the government from the you don’t get a data from Garmin oh the government doesn’t have the data right you might want to look at secondary data that can help you to measure the problem so in this case they was able to find the data of funeral services okay I’ll give you another example be creative how do you be creative is this again done by Reuters the Reuters team in Singapore this is to look at the grab traffic data we all know grab right grab is the e hailing service in Southeast Asia right so they are trying to pair the traffic conditions in major cities in Southeast Asia before and after the knockdown okay so because they don’t they they they are they were not able to get data from the government so they did get data from grant right I think they actually talked to grab to gather data and using that data they are able to visualize to compare the traffic before and after the lockdown right so again don’t just think about government data I know be smart you know think about who else collect the same data so in this case the e helding companies they have much better traffic data competitive government right because they have a huge user base right and in all this cities okay this I have covered already last week you can go back to the last week lesson to look at that it’s about digital tools how we use our google search to find data more efficient to find data right so I’m just putting in the slides I’m not going to explain it if you have any questions you can go back on to look at the videos last week it is not in the same YouTube channel and again we this beauty of this video will also be make available on the same YouTube channel so you can share your colleagues or you can come back and watch again right and another one is how do you extract data from PDF there’s a tool called tabula again I won’t be repeating this because I already covered this last week in our webinar of digital tools for journalists right so please refer to that video and the last one before we end our webinar we hope you answer some questions is that when you get the data right you can’t trust the data 100% so if you are not very familiar with the data right with the owners of the data with the people who provide you with the data right treat the data as if you are interviewing a stranger right so when you go out and interview someone of course you should check the background of that person if you want to use his interview in a report you have to make sure that this person is not a con man he has you know qualified background to talk about you know the topics that you want to interview him or her right and this person has high integrity so these same concepts apply on data okay so these are the 10 questions that you should ask before you use the data right just quickly of course you want to know who collect and manage the data and the matter what the methodology of the data collection and the number five is very important who is going to look bad or lose money as a result of these numbers because then these people have vested interest to influence the numbers and you need to do that right for example I’ll just give you a simple example right if a survey is done to show that telecommunication company a telco a has the best coverage of 4G in your country right and do you just use the data right no you have to ask who did the survey who sponsor the survey and then eventually you might find that oh the survey is actually sponsored by telco a so telco a a company sponsored of fun a survey that shows that telco a has the widest coverage of 4G in your country can you use that severe in a report first no right because it is not fair right because they have conflict of interest in this case right so it’s very important for you to know who fund the survey who did the survey and does this survey make someone looks good or make someone’s group that and are these people involved in the process of or the management of this data right so those are the questions that you should ask before using the data so again data doesn’t mean that it is always accurate or credible you have to be very careful just like you go out and interview anyone especially politicians right you have to be careful about what they tell you and is same thing for data all right and tomorrow we’ll have the same sessions delivered by my colleague Trina in Vaasa melayu okay and on Thursday we are going to have the same session again in Chinese Mandarin delivered by me and next week we are going to have the second week of webinar on data journalism and you will be on I’m going to show you some very practical examples of how do you find stories from data all right so let’s time to look at some questions and at the same time I would like you to fill up a feedback form please just spend a few minutes to fill up with a feedback form you can scan the QR code here that’s the easiest way right or you take a screenshot to get the URL right my colleague will also paste the URL in the YouTube chat box right we spend a few minutes tell us you know what is good what is that about today’s webinar and what are the other topics that you want us to cover because we might come up with series three series for who knows right it’s bad depends on your feedback and at the same time and you can download this presentation PowerPoint on this link the links are big dot leaf slash data G and I won okay let’s see we have two two three four right so Mike Lee will also paste this URL in the YouTube chat box okay now it’s time to look at some of the questions okay let me just stop my screen share and I’m going to share back so I think the first question we had earlier was on from Mike and his question is but then the collection of these data would pose the question of data privacy how do we safeguard ourselves some fishing privacy of data so he sorry and he also then as a second are reliable to neko repercussions from collecting these data so yeah when you are dealing with data right there’s also this copyright issue so make sure that you read the copyright issue if it is read by the government under a for example in Malaysia right the government share the data in the open data portal and they use a Creative Commons license which means that everyone is free to use the data we use the data to use the data for commercial or non-commercial purpose so everybody can can can use that right so in that case there’s no legal issue right but if you are getting a data from form from some sources or you are collecting a data online then you should look at the loss in that country for example in Europe there’s a new policy called GP Rd and under the policy right it is illegal for you to collect a lot of personal data your even your website cannot collect data for example the IP address without consent so in that case you have to get consent from the user so yes when you use data always check the copyrights of the data I know unusually data are shared by government it’s fine so frightened umber the sun-sentinel story right they get the data from about the sex offenders right those data are made publicly available by the government or through the Freedom of Information Act so if your country has Freedom of Information Act it usually covers all data that is related to public interest so always check the loss always check the copyrights details right okay we have to be quick the next question is related to weather I think there’s two different people who asked whether they can trust the government release data for their reporting or in a moose or a moose situation is the government the only source for data what is also easy to find alternative sources so I look back at my slide just now I show you I think 16 different data sources so currently actually a lot of mobile apps and businesses especially ecommerce collects a lot more data about the users the public then government so you can also check with them and there are a lot of researchers researchers and economics in the university they research on certain topics for years and they collect a lot of data so government is not the only data sources but of course government still controls most of the we call it the demographics data right they do census every 5 or 10 years and they collect a lot of data about the citizens and those are still the data that you should check out right and it’s government data reliable of course not we all know that right some governments like to manipulate the data for example one good example is that in the country of Argentina a few years back under the leadership of the former prime minister right they actually manipulated the inflation data and because of that the World Bank and IMF and those international organization organizations actually rejected the data submitted by Argentine government right because they don’t trust those data but I think after the current prime minister took over he actually changed the data basically he fixed the problem right so this example shows you that data from government is not reliable because the government of course they want to make them look better so for example again during the pandemic we also know that at a very early stage right data from China is also not accurate right I think they will only fix the problem at a later stage but until now we still have questions that you know about the data we despite China right so the same goes for data released by other governments so again refer back to the 10 questions that I listed out just now always be very careful with the data just like treating someone that you interview a stranger that you interview all right so the next question is what does one do if there is a lack of data luckily this is a reality in India especially if you cover Civic issues sorry carry bit again I miss so okay so there are several ways of doing that if there’s a lack of data locally right sometimes you don’t get a perfect data then you do a sample of data right but make sure that your sample is representative of that area right so which means that you something you have to collect the data yourself right it is not unusual for media to go out and collect data right some media declare their own data because the data is not available for example in India if you check this project all the projects done by India spend in the event have all kind of projects one of the project is they collected the data about cow related violence right basically violence cases that happen because of cow you know the animal cow okay usually that where that also shows the the usually cow violence is the dispute between the Muslim and the Hindus right so they actually collected those kind of data and they make a map to show different areas you can go to different states different provinces to look at the data there so yes it is not unusual for media to collect their own data but just to make sure that your the data the data that we collect is accurate again there are many other cases of you know media collecting their own data right so that is one way of doing that so and lastly this question about this simple which data visualization for new strata that don’t have the programming resource to make their own I think what we’ll have are I not sure if they organized that post but we can actually share you the link right now the registration link so in now this data journalism series will have a sessions specifically on data visualization so we’ll introduce you a tool that is free and you don’t have to know any coding or graphic design it’s pretty simple all you need is to keep the data and then after then you can select the kind of visualization that you want kind of charts or a graph that you want and then it will automatically provide you visualization that unique trooper a few clicks so you can sign up for that session and I think that it’s okay and another question is what if our content is being copied raw rather should I say scrap by many news aggregator blocks from real and real time should we not bother about this no you should what about this because that is an infringer for copyrights right so you should be worried about that but worry it’s one thing right where they can you solve it is another thing right in many countries this cannot be solved right if you are able to block those websites I mean this is very hard to do if you’re able to block those website they can just register a new domain and they start doing it again right so in this case I can you produce something that is not scrape people are not able to be copied or if they copy paste right you will next make sense right for example the interactive charts right nobody can copy right they can just click copy and paste right they have to make that interactive element right right themselves and that is not anyone it’s not something that can done by it by by anyone out there right so that is why using data journalism right you if you have like some interactive elements you know some animation going on right like some of the stories that I show you you know they have very smooth and very cool user interface or user experience those kind of things cannot be copied right the new stack can be copied it’s just text if you just write a text stories of course it’s easy to copy right if you do data stories right based on data and then you know for that half again they have like personalizations they have very good visuals right and those are the things that you cannot people cannot copy so I think that is the way to go for media organizations all right and there’s another questions about Malaysia actually in Malaysia they are quite a lot of data I’m not sure whether you have visited the open data Gothel my so our government has actually has open data portal and they are more than 20,000 sets of data shared by the government so far I think and do we go for a new single first or data first so it’s a egg and chicken questions right sometimes you have a new sangil or you have a hypothesis for example I want to proof whether the cove in nineteen panama has led to cleaner air for exam because less car on the roads right so cleaner air so I have this hypothesis I want to use data to prove it or to disprove it right so do you do this first or you do go again we get the data first and you find stories from the data both out okay both are legitimate ways it depends on the case right if you know that there’s a this data out there and you have this hypothesis then that’s perfect right you have a noose angle you also have the data to prove your noose angle or to this proof your news angle and then you can you can then that is the ideal situation right if not then maybe you have a good date you have a good news angle or a hypothesis and you try and go and find data if you cannot find a dealer then you have to be creative right as I show you just now if you cannot find a number of death or the reason of death right you look at a number of funeral for example right in in Jakarta right or when you cannot find traffic data from government you’re going to find data from a hailing companies right for example so you can also try you have to be creative about where to get the data right so yeah I think that’s about it if for so I think is time for us to end the webinar so thank you everyone for attending the webinar today and remember please please fill up the feedback form right and also that that is the link that you can download the debt from and the video will be available on youtube channel after we end our webinar so feel free to watch it Gaynor to share with your colleagues and if you have any questions you can email to contact us me also Trina and remember we have sessions tomorrow on Bassem allow you and other sessions on Thursday on Mandarin on the same content same topic and next week is our second week of data journalism series and that that week we’ll talk about how do you find stories from data and then followed by the third week and the fourth week third week is on data visualization fourth week is on digital map right so thank you very much see you tomorrow I’ll see you next week bye bye thank you bye

David Fahrenthold, “Journalism in the Time of Trump”

Posted in Home Furnishings, Local journalism, Uncategorized on December 17th, 2020
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Good evening, I’m Alecia Swasy, Reynolds Professor of Business Journalism here at Washington and Lee. It’s a great pleasure to introduce our guest speaker, David Farenthold, National Reporter of The Washington Post. He started at The Post as an intern while attending Harvard. It didn’t take long for the newspaper to hire him full-time and turn him loose on the usual beats, D.C. cops, homicides and the World Championship Muskrat Skinning Contest and Beauty Pageant.Dave tells me you’re allowed to participate in both if anybody’s interested. Eventually he joined the political team and in 2016, he began an investigation into one candidate’s pledge to give millions to charity. And the Donald Trump beat has sure been busy ever since. Trump’s team estimated his charitable giving at tens of millions of dollars. So Dave set out to find out if it was true. He contacted 450 different charities, and in the end, he found out that in reality Trump had given away less than $10,000 over seven years. In addition, Trump used $10,000 of his foundation’s money to buy an oil portrait of himself to hang in one of his Florida golf resorts. For his investigative work, Dave was awarded the 2017 Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting, among many of the well-deserved awards. He is truly one of the hardest working and tenacious reporters of our time.Please join me in welcoming Dave to Washington and Lee. (audience applause) Thank you. Well hello everybody, thank you all for coming out to see me. As Alecia said, I’ve been at The Post 17 years now. Tell you a little about where I came from before that. I’m from Houston, Texas originally, Where I went to Memorial High School where many, many people went to Washington and Lee or knew about it.Having a Washington and Lee shirt, a connection there, was about the coolest thing you could have at Memorial High School. So I’m glad to have finally made it here about 20 years late. So as Alecia said, I’ve covered cops, New England, the environment, as she said, the World Championships of Muskrat Skinning and a beauty pageant at the same time. For a couple of years I covered government waste. Things like the national raisin reserve or a government program to require magicians to write disaster plans for their rabbits they would pull out of their hats. And then I started covering the 2016 Presidential Campaign basically in 2014. So long ago that the first story I did about the 2016 Presidential Campaign was about then Republican front-runner Chris Christie of New Jersey.We spent a whole day, actually a couple of days, driving around New Jersey for a story about everyone that Chris Christie had ever yelled at. Trying to find them. But we didn’t find them all. We found a sampling of them over two days. So I eventually got on to the Trump beat kinda by accident. I’d written in 2015 and spent a lot of time writing about. I wanted to write about presidential candidates, but I wanted to write about candidates you could really kinda get to know, see up close. And the ones that, seeing people who are basically losers. People who were candidates who were really long-shots.Bobby Jindal, you may have forgotten that he was actually in that race, Rick Santorum, Mike Huckabee. I went to go write about Rick Perry’s presidential campaign, and he dropped out in the middle of the first speech I went to go see him give. So I flew to Missouri and saw Rick Perry drop out in the middle of the speech. I wanted to, hold on, let me make sure I turn all my microphones on. I have two here. I was sort of without a candidate. And then in the beginning of 2016, the editors sent me to Iowa to see Donald Trump on Caucus Day. They had this idea that wasn’t it crazy that this guy had been married three times, he’d been on the cover of Playboy twice, that he was about to win, we thought, the Caucuses in this famously socially conservative, Christian conservative, state of Iowa.It turned out he didn’t. He lost narrowly to Ted Cruz. But I spent a day with Donald Trump, and I saw him do something really unusual. He was having a rally in Waterloo, Iowa, and he stopped the rally in the middle, and he said “Okay, pause the rally.” And he called up a local veterans group, a charity for veterans who are in Waterloo, up on stage. And he brought out this giant check, like a golf tournament size check that said Donald J. Trump Foundation on top and Make America Great Again on the bottom and it was for $100,000. He gives them this check. They say thank you so much for this donation. They sit down again, then the rally resumes. And that caught my attention because is seemed unusual, seemed like it might be illegal. In theory that is illegal to use a charity to boost a presidential campaign. And I get back to Washington after a covering the Iowa Caucuses with sort of what I thought would be a simple question.Sort of a simple story assignment which was to find out where that money came from, the money I saw him give away, and what happened to the rest of it. It turned out Donald Trump had held a fundraiser in Iowa the end of January in 2016. It’s sort of hard to image now, but he was having a feud at the time with Fox News, and he refused to go on Fox News’s debate and instead he had this fundraiser for veterans.He sort of counter-programed this debate that he wasn’t in and he said at the time he raised six million dollars for veterans, including a million dollars out of his own pocket, it might have been. Okay so that’s the $100,000, I saw him give it away. That’s where that money came from. And I had as what I said what I thought was a simple idea. I’ll just call the Trump campaign and say okay I saw him give away $100,000 to this group in Waterloo, where’d the rest of it go? Who got the rest of it? So give me the list of people he donated the six million dollars to. I thought it would take a couple of days and I’d be on to something else. It didn’t take a couple of days. The Trump campaign didn’t have answers. They couldn’t explain where the money went. Not in a week or a month, or two months, or three months. Finally we get to May. So that started in February and we get to the end of May, and I still don’t know where the money is.And then Corey Lewandowski, who was Trump’s campaign manager, called me and he said, “Okay, I could tell you for sure “Donald Trump, the million dollars Trump said “would come out of his won pocket to veterans, “he’s given that money away, “but I can’t tell you who got it or in what amounts or when, “it’s all secret. “Just trust me that the money’s been given away.” (audience laughs) So those of you who are journalism students in the audience, you can’t just, we wrote a story saying that Corey Lewandowski said that but you can’t just take ’em at their word.You have to find proof. You have to look for proof. So that was the beginning of something that would become six months of reporting. Now I want to tell you a little more about that before I take questions but also sort of to tell you sort of lessons that I learned along the way about the ways to adapt journalism to the world of modern media, the world of social media, and also the world of Donald Trump. And just to tell you how things have changed, when I started in 2000 at The Post, which is a long time ago, I admit, when we imagined who our reader was, you imagined someone sitting down at breakfast with a print paper, sort of having their coffee and their cereal. In fact that was often when we talked about you couldn’t write anything in the paper that would gross out someone so much they couldn’t eat their cereal.It was sort of like a standard of decency. You imagine somebody sitting down at the breakfast table with their paper and their coffee and all they had to do in the world was read your stories. There was nothing else to distract them. They had one news source in front of them. Then as we started to become more of a digital operation, you imagine you consumer to be someone sitting down at their desk to get to their office with a cup of coffee reading the homepage of The Washington Post. Again, people with basically one source and enough time to focus on it. Now when I try to imagine my consumer, the reader that I’m trying to reach, I think of basically imagine someone who’s been, if you can imagine someone who’s been caught up in a tornado and fired out the other side, right? They’re confused, they’re like covered in garbage, they don’t know what end is up, and they just need sort of a place to start, a thread to follow.A place to sort of get their bearings. So I’m conscious of trying to reach readers who are lost in a tornado of news, both because they have so many news outlets to take in news from, and also because of Donald Trump, the news moves so much faster than it used to. There’s so much more political news, which is what I write about. What seemed like a big deal on Monday, you forgotten even happened on Wednesday. How many of you have forgotten the Scaramucci era already, which was like, I don’t know, like a month ago? Now we don’t even remember that guy existed. So that’s how fast things move. Last year and this year I’ve tried to adapt what I do to use the tools of social media and regular journalism to try to reach an audience and hold an audience that’s in the middle of that tornado.So the first lesson that I tried to apply was to let people into my reporting process. To show people how I do what I do, what I want to know, how I know the things that I do know, and to let them sort of follow it along a little bit at a time. The first experience I had with this was actually right after I told you, Corey Lewandowski called me and said Trump had given his million dollars but it was all secret. So how do I go about checking that? There’s no, if you’re trying to use the traditional tools of reporting, making phone calls, sending emails, knocking on doors, there’s nowhere to start there, right? Because I don’t have any leads about who the money might have gone to and there’s too many veterans charities in America to just call ’em all. So I decided okay, I’m gonna try to involve the public in this and show people what I’m doing in the hopes that they’ll spread my query far and wide. So I went on Twitter and started tweeting at veteran’s advocates, veteran’s associations, veteran’s charities, veteran’s magazines.Anybody that I thought would have an audience of veterans and said hey do you know anybody who’s gotten even one dollar of this money that Donald Trump said he’s giving away? He’s giving away a million dollars he says, do you know anybody who’d gotten any of it? And please pass this on, re-tweet this, make sure people can see it because I’m trying to prove, I’m not trying to prove a negative. I’m not trying to prove that Donald Trump didn’t give money away. I’m trying to prove him right. I’m trying to find any evidence that he did what he says he did. So I spent that day tweeting at people and it got a lot of pick-up. A lot of people paid attention, and my query because something that was seen by a lot of people. And I wanted to make sure it was seen by Trump too, so I included @RealDonaldTrump in all the queries. We know then and now he spends a lot of time searching Twitter for his own name. So after a day of that, right? Were they interested in my search? I’ve gotten a lot of attention for the search that I was making to try to find Donald Trump’s donations.What I hadn’t found were Donald Trump’s donations. Everybody that had gotten back to me, all of the veterans groups said, “We haven’t gotten any money from him. “We don’t know of anybody that got money from him.” So at the end of that day I sort of felt like maybe this is a waste of time. Maybe social media’s, I felt like the oldest person in the world basically. That I had tried this thing the kids like, and it was horrible and I wasn’t gonna ever do it again.(audience laughs) But it turned out that Donald Trump had been paying attention. He had been watching this search that I was doing using his name and that night he actually gave the money away. So when I’d been told days earlier that Trump had given the money away, that was a lie. The money was still in Trump’s pocket. Only after I had made this public search, Trump actually gave a million dollars all in one fell swoop to this charity that he knew very well run by a friend of his.So Trump called me to say that he’d done this. This was actually the last time that I talked to him. He called me to say that he’d done this, and I said, “Well, you promised this money “back in late January. “Why’d it take you till May to give it away? And he said, “Well, I had to vet the group “that I was helping. “I had to vet the group that I gave a million dollars to.” It happened that I knew that the group he gave the million dollars to, they had given him the year before a Man of the Year Award in a big black tie gala at the Waldorf Astoria. This charity spent a whole night celebrating Donald Trump.I said after that you had to vet them? And he said, “Oh yeah, it’s true.” And I said, “Well, did you just give this money away now “because I was asking about it? “If I hadn’t asked about this money, “would it still be in your pocket? And he called me a nasty guy. And he didn’t answer the question. And I haven’t talked to him since. (audience laughing) But I learned from that sort of the first lesson, the first of three lessons, which was to involve people, involve your audience, in what you’re doing. Give them something every day. There’s so much else going on, make sure they have a way to follow what you’re doing. So the next step after that, after Trump gave the million dollars away, finally gave away the rest of other people’s money that he had been sitting on to veterans, my editor, Marty Barron, who I think is going to come to W and L in March, said let’s go back.Let’s look back into Trump’s life. If he was willing to basically try to weasel out of a commitment to veterans, the most honored group in our society, and he was gonna try to do that under the spotlight of a presidential campaign, the brightest spotlight we have in American journalism other than perhaps like Taylor Swift’s relationships or something like that. But we don’t really have a spotlight that’s greater than presidential candidates get and he was gonna try to get out from his commitment even under that spotlight. So let’s go back and look before now, before he ran for president. Did he make promises to give to charity that he didn’t fulfill? And got away with it because the only people watching were Entertainment Tonight. So that was the next phase of this reporting. It was to sort of cast the lens back, cast the spotlight back into Trump’s life and then we found he had been promising to give away the proceeds of the Celebrity Apprentice, proceeds of Trump University, a bunch of other.He once rented a tent to Muammar Gaddafi for $400,000 and he was going to give the proceeds of that away. Let’s see if he actually gave that money away like he promised. And that’s when I started making this list. I tried to make a list of all the charities I thought that Donald Trump was closest to. Charities he tweeted about, charities that he had hosted events at Mar-a-lago that had paid him money, anybody that I thought if Donald Trump was gonna give money away, he’d give money to these groups. And I’ll start calling them. So I started making a list of everybody that I called and asked has Donald Trump ever given you money out of his own pocket? Started posting it on Twitter again to show people, to bring them into my reporting to see that they, both so they could follow it day to day even when there was not an individual story and also so they trust the outcome of it cause they could see it more.That’s the first lesson. Second lesson was to that process, sort of the social media process and telling readers about your work, it’s not just one way. It’s not just me talking to people. Information comes back and I wasn’t even really expecting this in the beginning but I started to get tips, information, leads, from readers. And eventually learned that I could ask them for things, and they would go find thing that I had sort of lost hope that I could ever find.So not only am I involving them and sort of showing them what I’m doing, but I’m now involving them in the process. Alicia mentioned one great example, which was a portrait of Donald Trump. So I should say he had something called The Donald J. Trump Foundation, which was a tax-exempt non-profit. And one of the most basic rules of having a non-profit is even if it has your name on it, it is not your money.It is the non-profit’s money. And so once the money goes into the non-profit, it must be spent on charitable outcomes. It must be used for the good of the public. You can’t use it, for instance, to buy things, to decorate the walls of your business or your home. So we found out that Trump had spent $10,000 on this portrait of himself, and we wanted to know where is the portrait? Is it hanging on the wall of a children’s hospital? Is it decorating the wall of veterans’ clinic or something or is it hanging on the wall of his bar? So how do you go about that, right? I only know what the picture looks like, and I know when he bought it, which is in 2014, but I have no idea where it is.And I was thinking well, I could hire a freelancers to go to all the Trump hotels, golf courses, that are open to the public. That’s not that many of them. A lot of them are private clubs. And so they might find something, they might not. It might be at his house, it might be buried in the yard. So what I do was I, even if that process was going work it was gonna take days. So I just put it out on Twitter and said look, here’s this picture that I’m looking for. I know what it looks like, but I don’t know where it is. And incredibly a reader of mine in Atlanta, Allison Aguilar, somebody I’ve never met. She’s a short story writer. She had two insights upon looking at this picture. One, it was too ugly for Trump to keep in his own home. Two, that the way to look for it would be on TripAdvisor, and so she went to TripAdvisor, which as those of you who use it know, any hotel, any resort, people can post their photos of when they stayed there.So she went to Trump’s golf resort at Dural outside Miami. There’s 500 photos. I mean like people’s bathrooms, the one end of the buffet, the other end of the buffet, like the green. Thing that you wonder why anyone was like you know what people need to see is my bathroom. But they did. So there’s 500 photos, and she’s scrolling through them 20 at a time, and in the middle of that 500 photos, she finds a picture from February 2016 of some guy standing next to the Trump portrait that I’m looking for hanging on the wall of a sports bar at Dural. Okay, so that’s great, we now know. She tweets it at me. Now we know where the portrait was in February 2016. We need to know where it is.And again this happened like at eight o’clock that night, and I was like okay well tomorrow I’ll hire a guy in Miami to go look. That night a anchor at Univision, the Spanish language TV network, realizes that Dural was four blocks away from his studio, sees my tweet, Dural is four blocks away. His newscast ends at midnight. His name is Enrique Acevedo. His newscast ends at midnight. At midnight he makes a reservation to go to Dural. He used points, he didn’t use money ’cause he didn’t want to give Donald Trump any money. And he goes to Dural which is closing up for the night. It’s midnight on like a Wednesday. He convinces the cleaning crew to let him in to the sports bar, and there it is hanging on the wall.So in 14 hours we went from no idea where in the world this thing is, if it even still exists, to a picture of it on the wall breaking the law. That sort of thing would have been impossible if I hadn’t asked people to sort of participate in this process and given, you know try to open a channel with readers so they could go look for things that I as a journalist didn’t know how to find. As a postscript to that, Trump sent out, the Trump Campaign sent out a spokesman, Borris Epstein, to explain that, and he said, “Okay, I know it looks like “the Trump charity did a favor for the Trump business “by buying art to decorate the wall of the bar, “but really the business is doing the charity a favor “by storing its art collection on the wall.” (audience laughs) And so I asked, you have to report on these things, I asked a tax law expert about that. Does this hold water as a legal defense? And he said it’s really hard to make an IRS auditor laugh.(audience laughing) But this would do it, this would do it. (audience laughs) So first two lessons, let people watch your process in action, let people into the process so they can help. They can offer insights. The third thing was to always be thinking about people who’ve lost the thread. Always be thinking about people who’ve been distracted by the thousands of different controversies that Donald Trump was involved in last year. Things that would have killed another candidate as we all know, he would be the news of one day for him and instead of setting off a news cycle that would last for weeks, just the next day he’d do something else that was sort of outrageous. So he’d insult a judge, he’d attack Miss Universe, he insulted John McCain. It all sort of blended together and so it was hard for people to keep track of the news of even several days earlier. So part of my job is if I think this story’s important, to give you a way to follow it.And so that meant for me on social media I have this notebook. I’m posting it on Twitter every day. You can see the changes that I’ve made. You can see the progress that I’ve made. And you could see these sort of when I find some sort of incremental story, a little side story off this, I’ll post that story with a picture of the notebook. So in your social media feed, there’s a million other things but nothing that looks like what I’m doing.And so you go oh yeah, it’s the notebook guy. I remember what he’s doing. And you could pick it up and follow it. You can remember what I’m doing. Also I’ve tried to create stories, to write content that is aimed specifically at people who have lost the thread. Who have forgotten what the back-story was. For a long time journalists were, even after we had the limitless resources of the internet and all the possible ways of displaying stories and telling stories, we continued to write as we did before when we just had the print paper, which was when I have some news to tell you, I’m gonna write a story about it. They’ll have an AP lead and it’ll have a inverted pyramid style. And then when it’s done I’m not gonna write again until I have some more news to report. And that’s some irregular period of time.That could be two days, that could be a week. And so if you, in the middle of that time, and say what was the deal with that guy and the notebook and the charities. And you go to our website, there’s nothing in between. There’s just the last story I wrote and you don’t know when I’m gonna write a story again. I’ve tried to think about people like that that want to sort of catch up, write stories that sort of live, kind of like a Wikipedia entry, so that if you’ve lost the tread you can log on there and see exactly what the state of things are. An example of that is this year, I’m now covering the Trump businesses. The Trump Organization, the golf courses, the hotels, Mar-a-Lago. I’ve learned a lot about Palm Beach and golf courses this year. And so this summer after the events of Charlottesville when President Trump’s comments about them, a lot of charities started quitting Mar-a-Lago. People that had slated themselves to give Donald Trump a lot of money this coming winter to hold charity galas there, started quitting.And so everyday there were a couple of more so I started a list, and started crossing off names in a notebook and tweeting that out. So if you follow my Twitter feed, you can follow the progress, but also writing a story that every day, it’s sort of a Q and A story, that every day changes. Every time there’s an update, we update it so you can be confident that if you’re reading that, you’re seeing the most up to date news. So those are the three lessons that I learned. Let people into your process, involve people in the reporting process, trust your readers to send you information.Ask them for information. And then be conscious of people who’ve lost the thread and try to reach them. So I want to just as a last thing before I take questions say what I would like readers to think about, if you’re a reader of the news, what would I recommend in terms of how to stay sane now? How to feel like you’re not just overwhelmed by it? And also how to feel like you’re getting the most out of it.And I would say a couple of things. Try to avoid, you can’t entirely avoid it, but try to not let opinion journalism or hot takes and analysis substitute for news. Opinion journalism, it’s fine but it’s the fudge of journalism. You should really eat it rarely, enjoy it, find stuff you really like, but don’t waste calories on it. And don’t waste calories on bad opinions or rote opinions, people who are going to say the same thing no matter what.Try to avoid hot takes, analysis of what’s going to happen in politics because I feel like that now is often based on the past. People who know the past but will now try to tell you how the past predicts the future. I think if we’ve learned anything in 2016 and 2017, it’s the past is a poor guide to the future. Read the facts, understand what’s happening rather than hearing somebody’s opinion about what might happen. And the last thing is part of the experience of reading news is learning who to trust. And now that there’s not one newspaper in your town, now there’s not that your news sources aren’t sort of chosen for you by geography, that’s a great thing, but you have to now think about who has led me astray. Who’s been right? When I look at my Twitter feed, my Facebook feed, remember okay well I read Number One USA Patriot News, and it told me Hillary was going to go to jail, and they were wrong.So let’s remember that and not trust them again. Remember sources, remember people, who you like. And remember people that you don’t like. Remember people that have let you astray and get them out of your life. Those are the things I think that people that go back again and again to trusting sources that are not reliable. Does anybody know who Louise Mensch is? Okay, a sort of liberal conspiracy theory that has been feeding Democrats this theory that Donald Trump is gonna be indicted and perhaps deported to Russia sometime tomorrow for weeks. And one time she was saying that Donald Trump was gonna be arrested by the marshal of the Supreme Court who was a person that does not exist. But thousands of people continue to follow her cause she feeds, even though she is wrong all the time, she feeds a desire they have to see Donald Trump kicked out of office.Remember people that have led you astray and don’t let them into your life. The last thing I wanted to say is one of the lessons we’ve tried to learn as journalists is that we can’t absorb the idea which Steve Bannon and President Trump have espoused at times that we in the media are the opposition party. We’re the opposition, we’re at war. We’re the enemy of the people, and we’re at war with the Trump administration or with the Republican Party or whoever. Embracing that idea for us is so destructive because what do you do in a war? You break rules, you don’t follow conventions. The only thing that matters is winning. And if we do that, if we take in the idea that we can break our own rules, we can get rid of our own standards because we have to win or beat somebody, we lose the thing that makes us valuable which is our credibility.So our editor, Marty Barron, has often said we’re not at war, we’re just at work. And that’s a maxim that I’ve tried to live in my life but also I’d like you as readers to look for it in the sources that you trust. If you see anybody you think is at war with anyone and making journalism, writing stories, that only fits the narrative of that war, get rid of ’em. They’re not helping you understand the world better. So with that I will stop and say I’d welcome your questions. (audience applause) Who’d like to go first? It was that good of a talk. Oh yes, right here. Sir, you work for The Washington Post, correct?Yes.I always read it every day this summer and I noticed back in about March you put democracy dies in darkness below the headline. What exactly does that mean to you and the organization itself. Not to quote you. It’s a great question. So The Post recently adopted this slogan. The Times always had all the news that’s fit to print. We never had a slogan until this year. Now our slogan is democracy dies in darkness, which is very goth. It’s very extreme in a way that we were not… The short answer is that we’re owned now by Jeff Bezos, the guy who owns Amazon. He’s given us lots of money and lots ambition and really helped us in a lot of incredible ways.He likes that slogan. And apparently Bob Woodward, the famous Watergate Bob Woodward says it, Bezos likes it. It’s like the one thing he’s suggested we do to the paper so people said great. To me I worry that people take it as sort of implicit thing that we only added it because we added it while Donald Trump is president, that it’s some sort of commentary by us on what we think is about to happen.Or Donald Trump’s intentions for the country is darkness and we’re trying to protect the country from that. To me it means that our job is to bring information about the country, to bring sort of accountability to every part of the government and if you don’t have that kind of sunlight, if you don’t have that kind of accountability, the government can’t function. So it’s been added in the Trump era but I don’t think we’ve taken it as like okay before we were letting things slide, now we’re going to be serious about democracy. But I’m glad you asked that because it has been a big change. Officially a general question comes on the state of media in 2017, and so we’ve seen a lot of polls that gives us a general feeling that American’s lost faith in the media and some of that’s because of Trump’s badgering you guys.I remember my journalism professor saying yesterday that they’ve kind of brought it upon themselves and one step that kinda stood out was that like 96% of journalists that donated to a campaign donated to Hillary this year and so just like how do you combat this and work to stay objective in the new media age? So that’s a great question. So asking about how the media can sort of both, two things. How do we make sure we are objective and unbiased? And how do we convince people that we are? And how do we reach people that may think that we’re not? And so I’ve seen the same statistics that you have about journalists donating to Hillary Clinton. I think some cases, they have an expansive idea of who they count as a journalist.Some people who are obvious about their opinions in their stories are counted as journalists. Still, I wish that number was zero. I wish people didn’t give money to any political candidate. We use to have an editor at The Post who didn’t vote. He believed that he couldn’t ever be impartial even if he just made up his mind in the voting booth, that he couldn’t vote. So, there is I think a lack of trust in us, and I think that has been going on for a long time. Trump has sort of made it explicit. He’s talked about it in a way, sort of attacked our credibility in a way that other people have not done quite so explicitly. I think it’s a challenge to us in a couple of ways. One, we have to be more cognizant of the fact that a lot of people are coming to read about Washington politics, just taking my own paper for example, that didn’t care that much about it before, right? Before people cared a lot about the presidential election, and when the election was over, the interest kind of dropped off because you assumed that like, okay that was over, now I can go back to my life.Now people, because of Trump, either because they’re excited about him or because they’re worried about him, are paying much more attention to us. People who are not regular readers of The Post. So I think it’s important to recognize that these are people who don’t know the Washington Post name or don’t trust it. And I think part of our job has to be, I talked about showing our work, to show to people how we know what we know, how you can rely on our information, be more explicit about the kinds of reporting we do that backs things up, and to be more open to criticism about the way we do our job.One of the things that I started doing last year on this score was there was one time when I wrote a story about the Trump Foundation. I sent the Trump Campaign all these questions about different things I’d found in the Foundation that seemed to be wrong or weird, and they didn’t respond at all. Then my story came out, and they took the answers that I had asked for and gave them to CNN, so CNN could have me on and sort of surprise me, and say, “Well, we found problems in your reporting. “The Trump Campaign has pointed out X, Y, Z “your story was missing.” And I realize that a lot of people when they’re reading your story, the Trump Campaign declined to comment. They imagine that you just yelled at them, “Would you like to comment?” And they’re like, “No.” And you’re like, “Okay, thanks.” But no, like I sent them a long detailed list of questions and gave them all these ways they could explain what seemed to me like anomalies in that case, in their tax returns, the Foundation’s tax returns.So I started posting my questions on Twitter too. I didn’t just ask them for comment. I asked them these questions. So if they want to, you know, they had this chance to explain these things, and they didn’t. That’s one small thing. The other thing about bias, though, is that in Washington, D.C., we live in a world where people that I, the parents at my kids school, the other people that I’m around in general, and this is true in New York as well, are liberal. They’re liberal people, and you have to make sure, you know, that you don’t pick up something from the world that you live in, people that you’re around that biases the stories you write, particularly in the way that you, you have to be open to the idea that things that, journalists like to use themselves as like a sort a proxy for the country, right? What surprises me should surprise readers.And some part of that is natural, but you have to be more careful about thinking about what other people find interesting, what other people find surprising, and sort of cast a wider net. For me that means reading a lot of conservative media, reading people who make arguments about the Trump Era from a conservative point of view, reading a lot of opinion journalism to sort of get a sense of other ways of viewing a particular issue. I think it’s something that we struggle to overcome and sometimes fail to overcome. We have to be very conscious about it now because we have this bigger audience, okay. Who else? Yes. What are the facts versus Trump’s claims on his giving? You’re talking about the Harvey donations? Over the time you were talking about.So, if we look back at going back to the 80s, so we started the Donald J. Trump Foundation in 1987 to take royalties from the book, The Art of the Deal. So before that, in the early 80s, he’d given some money to charity. He’d given a million dollars to a Vietnam Veterans’ memorial in New York City. He gave some money to the Trump Foundation, which then it gave away. But then in the 90s he stopped giving that much money to the Trump Foundation, and then eventually in 2009, he completely stopped giving money. And only other people gave money to the Trump Foundation, which he gave away to people who thought they were getting Trump’s money. So it’s a weird convention. It was a weird thing to do because a lot of rich people obviously have charities with their name on it, right? And the assumption always, is that if you get money from the David A.Farenthold Foundation, it’s David A. Farenthold’s money. Trump exploited that convention because he would have other people give money to the Trump Foundation. He would give it away. Because it was so unusual to have a personal foundation giving away other people’s money, people assumed they were getting money from him. So sometimes he would promise money and then give money from the Trump Foundation, which wasn’t his originally. Often he just wouldn’t give the money away. Trump University made five million dollars. It didn’t give any money away. The Celebrity Apprentice, he said he’d give the money away. He gave nothing. In some cases, he would actually, I found one time when he actually went to a banquet for a charity that supported Israeli soldiers, and he stood up at the banquet and said, “I’ll give $275,000 and then didn’t.Someone else had to give it for him. So what I found was that he had this sort of image of himself that he wanted to portray. Like Bruce Wayne is a good example, a son of a rich Playboy figure with a heart of gold. His excesses as a person, as sort of a wealthy guy who had all these wives and girlfriends were balanced by his generosity. He was sort of impetuously and grandiosely generous. And so that’s why he was always promising to give money to charity one way or the other. But when it came time to actually make good on that in private, he often would try to find a way to do it with somebody else’s money, or he wouldn’t do it at all. My favorite story about Trump’s giving, kind of behind the scenes, the reality of his giving was, so there’s a thing in Palm Beach called Palm Beach Police Foundation.It’s this big charity that supports police officers in this small town where he has Bar Mar-a-Lago is. And so they have a big banquet every year at Mar-a-Lago, which is an incredibly expensive. It pays $275,000 for one night. That’s one night’s gala at Mar-a-Lago gets $275,000 from this charity for their big gala. So they’re an important customer of Trump’s. A few years ago, he decides he wants to give them a donation. But he doesn’t give his own money. He doesn’t give the Trump Foundation’s money. What he does is he calls a friend of his, the widow of the friend of his, a friend of his who’s just died.The widow is running the foundation that’s set up in the friend’s name, and he says, “Hey listen, I’m raising money “for the Palm Beach Police Foundation. “Will you donate some?” And these people have a Palm Beach connection, so they’re like sure. He says, “Okay, well don’t give it straight to them.”Give it to me, and I’ll give it to them.” So they give, I think, $200,000 from their foundation to the Donald J. Trump Foundation, assuming that Trump is going to bundle it together with other money, add some of his, give it all in one big bunch to the Palm Beach Police Foundation. Instead, he takes their money, $200,000, adds nothing of his own, gives it to the Palm Beach Police Foundation as a donation from the Trump Foundation. As a reward, the Police Foundation, they come back to Mar-a-Lago. They give Trump this giant crystal palm tree, like literally this tall as a man-of-the-year for his philanthropy, when all he’d done was pass along somebody else’s money. The crazy thing about that to me was that often rich people, I would imagine, people who were billionaires, would spend money to save time, right? If you have a billion dollars, instead of going through all this hassle, okay, I’ll give $200,0000 out of my own pocket to this charity, but that was a lot of work for him to arrange this thing for somebody else’s money to come through.He spent a lot of time to avoid giving any money of his own and to have the appearance that he had. I thought that was a really interesting insight into his character. Since he’s been president, he has made good on a couple of promises. He said he would give away his presidential salary, and he has, and he said he was going to give a million dollars to Hurricane Harvey victims, and as far as I can tell, he did. So that behavior has changed since he’s been under the spotlight of the presidency. But for a long time, if he could have the appearance of philanthropy without the substance of it, he often would. Who else? I have a question for you.Yes. Right when the fake news thing was blowing up, you came out with a story that was another example of fake news that you found by going to his clubs. This is a really funny story. So Trump has golf clubs all over the country now, and so part of my job is to cover the golf clubs. In one of the golf clubs, I found a member who would let me in to have dinner with him just so I could see the place. We’re eating there. As we’re leaving, in the clubs he often has magazine covers featuring himself. Many of them are legitimate. They’re real magazine covers.He was on a lot of magazine covers. But there was one I walked by, a Time Magazine cover. It looked odd to me because Time Magazine never has a cover, at least that I’ve seen, where the theme is like this guy is awesome, and then the subhead would be like, extra awesome. And like, you’ve never seen that. You’ve never seen a Time Magazine that does a story about one guy and saying how great he is, but there was a Time Magazine on the wall of this golf club that was like, Donald J. Trump is hitting on all cylinders, or hitting on all fronts. It wasn’t even like a correct metaphor. Hitting on all fronts. And then the subhead was like, he really is, even on TV. It was fake.You could look at it, any journalist student in this room could look at it and go, that’s fake. But there it was on the wall. I took a picture of it while I was there and called Time Magazine to then confirm that it wasn’t like Canadian Time Magazine or something. It was fake. And then we used now because I knew the skills of TripAdvisor, we used TripAdvisor to find it on the wall of a bunch of other golf clubs that Trump had.And we actually sent freelancers out to confirm that it was there. So that’s a really perplexing thing to me, because it had been in his office in Trump Tower. It’s in Mar-a-Lago. He’d seen it a number of times. And I think it’s possible that he didn’t know it was fake. It’s around the time of 2009, I think sort of a low point for the Apprentice’s ratings. I think it’s possible someone in the organization made this and showed it to him, and he was like, “Wow, I’m on the cover of Time Magazine!” And had it reproduced everywhere. Because it wasn’t just one.It wasn’t like just a novelty that somebody did. You could see if there was just one, people might say, “Well, we made it as a joke, “but some employee didn’t understand that “and hung it on the wall.” It was everywhere. There was an effort to distribute this fake Time Magazine cover across his empire. So they never answered my question about whether he knew it was fake or not. It’s possible he didn’t. Maybe he was not even in on the joke. But yes, that was a literal fake news that I found just by walking around his clubs. (a man in audience laughing) Yes. I’m curious about the recent revelations that Facebook and fake news, that they put out, and what effect that might have had on the election and whether The Post was involved in any way with that? So you guys have probably seen there’s been revelations in the last few weeks that Facebook had taken, we already knew during the election, there were Macedonian teenagers making fake news, fake political news and sort of putting it into Facebook, where it got shared by people, and the Macedonian teenagers made money off the adds.So things like, Pope endorses Donald Trump. Hillary Clinton to be indicted. Things that were completely made up, but done for profit by people. In addition, we’re now learning in the last few weeks that the Russian government actually had bought ads on Facebook, apparently in a way that Facebook didn’t realize what they were. They were not so much vote Donald Trump, although I think some of them were, but a lot of them were aimed at just stoking divisions in American society. You know promoting Texas secession, promoting anti-muslim beliefs, you know, trying to drive people apart and heighten partisan tensions on both sides.And Facebook, I think, we had a story the other day saying that Obama himself, President Obama had actually taken Mark Zuckerberg, the head of Facebook aside after the election and said, “You guys were part of this. “You were infiltrated in a way that you didn’t understand.” I think Facebook itself is just beginning to come to grips with the power of this. You know, their whole model is based on the idea that they’re a platform for speech, but they’re not publishers. They don’t control the speech. They take down the violent or pornographic content, but they don’t police what you say. If they did, they’d have to spend a lot more money, they’d make a lot less money. So they’re just a platform, and they’ve tried to be as hands off as they can about what goes across that platform.And I think they’re recognizing that that was exploited by the Russians and maybe other people too. So I don’t know what the answer to that will be to that from Facebook. They clearly realize it’s a problem. It’s been funny to watch Mark Zuckerberg, who three months ago was like milking cows in Iowa, like he was going to run for president, and now he’s sort of recognized that his own organization has these flaws that he didn’t recognize and hasn’t fixed. So some of it may be impossible, to fix them.It may be impossible to stop, but it’s going to be interesting to see Facebook trying to grapple with its role. Because Zuckerberg clearly thinks of himself as like a beneficent Titan of America. His technology has made the world better. It’s connected everybody. It’s made all these things possible. And I think that he did not, at least in public, grapple with this weakness that people seem to have exploited.So, I’m from Texas, as I said. One of the crazy things that people have found lately has been that the Russians started a Texas Secession Facebook page. And if you look at the memes, they were clearly written by someone who English was not their first language. But by the thousands, people joined. It was like, “You know he’s from Texas “when you like Whataburger.” All the grammar was wrong, but people were like, “Yep, share that.” So it’s amazing to me that worked, but they were doing that.And I’m sure they’re doing it for California Secession and other things too and try to fracture the country more. Yes? I wonder if you talked about this strategy of letting people into your reporting process, and I’m wondering since your big Donald Trump Foundation donation story, have you tried to do that in the last six months? Have you found it to be effective on other stories? Was this one story kind of uniquely conducive to it? Or have you been able to kind of further that model? I have treed to use this in the last few months. And one good example was the fake Time Magazine cover, you know, because we could get into some clubs, but a lot of them are private, so there aren’t TripAdvisor pages, but when I put that out, other people, mostly like news photographers, or other people, you know, people were like, “Yeah, I was just in the men’s room “at the Bedminster Club, and look here it is.” A photographer with Tampa Bay Times had caught it on the wall of Mar-a-Lago.So that was the best example. I’ve learned two lessons about that technique. One of them is that I have a lot of followers now, which is wonderful, but it means that I can’t be like a passive thing for me. I can’t jus say, hey, I want to find X, come back in 12 hours and look at my mentions and see who has responded. There’s just too much stuff. I’d miss a lot of stuff. So if I’m going to do it, like this week we’re trying to figure out if any NBA teams have stopped staying at the Trump hotels or NFL teams have stopped staying at the Trump hotels because of this latest controversy.So if I say, “Hey, does about know if NBA teams “used to stay in the Trump Hotel in Chicago or New York?” I can’t just come back 12 hours later. I have to like watch it because otherwise it gets buried. So it is useful, but because of the audience I have, I have to spend more time actively looking through it. The other thing is you have to be so careful that no matter what, if you’re crowd sourcing information about anything, that you make yourself, the journalist, the filter between what comes in and what goes out. Just to give you an example, a few weeks ago, The Huffington Post did this thing about Trump’s inaugural donors.So the Trump inaugural committee took in all these donations. They released a list saying here’s like 15,000 people who gave to our inauguration. So Huffington Post wanted people to. They made a spreadsheet out of that, posted it online and said, “Look, readers, “go through these and make sure that the names “and addresses match. “See if you can learn anything about who these people are.” You know, if there’s a name here and they gave a million dollars. Is that person the CEO of a defense contractor? Is it like a Russian ambassador? Who are these people? And so they said, “Okay, readers, pick a name. “Email us what you found about them, “And then we’ll have like 15 volunteers “who are not journalists, but their sort of like “super readers, and they’ll collect it all “and add it to the spreadsheet.” The problem with that is if you don’t make the journalists the choke point between what’s coming in and what’s going out, people don’t understand rules about like libel, and factual accuracy, and things like that.So these readers, the people that they had deputized to be the filter, they were getting things where some reader would be like, this guy’s name’s Dave Farenthold. I think he might be in the Mafia, you know, and so then they would put that on the spreadsheet, you know like, might be in mafia. (audience laughing) So that’s not on The Huffington Post website, but it’s now something that if you were to sue them, you could argue that it had been created by The Huffington Post. So I think things like that are a lesson, that even if you’re not being hoaxed, even if there’s no malicious intent, you have to apply the standards of proof and the fear of being sued to all the information that comes in before you send it out, which again, is time consuming.But these are things you just couldn’t do, or it would be much more time-consuming to do without reader help. Who else? When Trump was first elected, there was a lot of concern and articles about the conflicts of interest between the presidency and his business interests. And then it seems that topic has been overtaken by a lot of other concerns, but I wonder if you could maybe bring us up to date on what steps were taken to make sure that there are not conflicts of interest and whether you think those are happening. So the question is about Trump’s conflicts of interest by owning and sort of pretending to benefit from this large business that has a lot of diverse set of customer in the White House. What’s being done about it? Governmentally is basically nothing. The president is, at least as far as we can tell, under the current application of the law, there’s not a lot of constraints on the president.There’s all kinds of rules about other people in government, but the president, it’s thought that the voters choose the president, so the voters should sort out people who wouldn’t have conflicts of interest, so there’s not a lot of legal things that prevent him from doing what he’s doing. Obviously there’s bribery statutes. If we thought someone was bribing the president to do a particular action, that’s illegal, but just owning a business and having customers while being president, that’s not illegal.There are some people who have sued the president over something that’s an obscure clause in the Constitution called the Emoluments Clause, which was designed to stop, when we were a young, poor country, often like foreign kings would bribe our ambassadors by giving them big jewels, and so we wanted to have a law that said you couldn’t take bribes, basically, or payments from foreign states. So the president is barred from accepting emoluments, is the word they used, from foreign princes or foreign governments.No, presidents have not generally had businesses like this, and so this has been like dusty clause. It’s never really been tested. There are actually in testament to the diversity of the field of law, there are people who studied this clause, even though it’s never been used, and they have a set of beliefs about what it actually, does it really apply to the president? Does an emolument cover like if the Saudi government pays for a hotel room, is that an emolument? If a Saudi government pays a million dollars for a hotel, is that an emolument? So there’s a law suit going on in district court in New York about this brought by people who say that they’ve lost business from foreign governments to the Trump Hotel in New York or D.C.I think the people who’ve brought that law suit, their great hope was that it would advance far enough to the discovery phase, and they could request Trump’s tax returns and make them public as a way of showing what his actual intake of income from foreign governments is. I don’t think that they really believe that they’re going to win, or that the judge will tell Trump to divest himself from his company. We don’t know.It’s still in the very early stages of that. So what we’ve been doing is trying to just sort of lay out who Trump does business with. What we found in just sort of countervailing interesting trends. So Trump has a hotel in D.C., right down the street from the White House that does a lot of business, is raking the money in. It’s exceeded its own revenue expectations by 400%. And it takes in a lot of money from foreign governments, from trade associations, and there’s all kinds of trade associations. Like the funeral directors, the candy makers, the forklift operators have a trade association. So people that want to influence the government, the mining operators are coming there later this week. People that want to influence the government stay there, and they’re making a lot of money off that.So that business is going well. In the rest of the country, though, Trump put his golf clubs and hotels. The customer base that he had built that business on is the inverse of his voter base. His voter base is largely rural. It’s in the middle of the country. It’s ex-urban. His businesses are all on the coasts, almost all on liberal enclaves right on the coast, and so he’s dependent on those places on largely democrats, but definitely people in blue states to be members there, but also to like have their weddings there and have their PTA spring fling there, and have their golf tournaments there. So he’s losing customers there from people who now see doing business with the Trump Club as political when they are an apolitical charity. We’re just the Taco Bell Owners Association of New Jersey. We’re not political. We’re going to hold our golf tournaments somewhere else. So I don’t know what the upshot is, if the losses are greater than the gains, how it all works, but it is interesting to watch.To me, I think the losses are as interesting as the gains because if one of his golf clubs starts losing members and revenue from its events and starts financially struggling, and he has to either declare bankruptcy on it or get an infusion of cash from somebody to make it work, well, the person who comes into save Trump Dural or Trump Bedminster, how much would the president owe that person? And so I think it’s important to understand the relationship on both sides. I don’t think that there’s going to be some kind of magic bullet from outside, from the court system or the legal system that will stop all this or like punish him somehow, but I think it’s really important to tell readers that it’s going on.What do you see in a president who challenges in news judgment, deciding what’s newsworthy when covering someone that just has so much content every day and then on that whether there be a point in measures to work in where Trump’s outlandishness starts to blend in and then just like massive share of daily headlines, constraints on the level of a normal president? That’s a really good question. I think the way we’re adapting, we’re already sort of adapting in a way, not as much as we should I think, but we have. In the past, when a president spoke, the president sort of didn’t speak that much about policy, and when they did, it was usually, you would write about what the White House is considering and what the president is saying because it was usually kind of a guide to what the president was going to do, right? The president would make a statement about I think X is an important problem.That means that the president is going to take some action on X in a week, and if you got a leak from the White House that they’re considering this policy move, it’s a sign that they’re going to do it in a week, and they want to put it out there sort of as a trial balloon. So we were conditioned to write stories, the White House is considering this or that. The president says this or that.But there’s been so many times when Trump has said something about a topic and then done nothing about it. I mean think about him saying he was going to declare a national emergency for opioid stuff. It was like two months ago, and he hasn’t done it. During the transition, he was like, “I’m going to send the feds into Chicago.” He didn’t do that.And so we’ve stopped covering, I think, those in the way we would have done it if Obama had said it, because they’re not a great reliable guide to Trump’s actions. Same thing with the stories about what the White House is considering. We’re still doing that, but we should do it less because it often means that like one person in the White House is considering it. And this the White House with all kinds of warring factions, so the fact that one guy in the White House is considering this or that, doesn’t really mean it’s going to happen. In fact, they may be telling us because they want Trump to read it in the paper and then to do it, right? We may be part of the consideration. So I think we’re trying to cover those things less. I do think that there will be a point of diminishing returns for Trump. He’s been very good at getting people to sort of constantly be like ginned up about one thing or another.The NFL thing is a great example, right? Like we could be talking about Puerto Rico. We could be talking about the North Korea possible nuclear showdown. We’re talking about the NFL. He’s just good at picking fights, but the longer it goes on, I think people get bored by him. And the worst thing for him would be if people get bored by all this. If the people aren’t sort of swept up in the sort of daily news and feel invested in the daily fights he’s having with his enemies, you know democrats, other republicans, news media.If people are just bored, and they judge him by his actions, by what he’s done, I think he’s going to lose some popularity. So that day is coming slowly for Trump, but I think it is coming when people are just like, “Okay, I’ve heard this before, you know, what’s he doing?” What are historic editor’s expectations for you in terms of how often they expect to see you published, especially in light of what happened with the New York Times story about CNN and its investigative unit? Yes, so CNN, you’re all familiar with this story, CNN had an investigative unit that wrote a story about Anthony Scaramucci, I forget even about what it was, it was something about Russia, I think, and Scaramucci. And they, I guess, had rushed it, and they did not properly vet it with the right authorities at CNN, and it came out, I don’t know if it was ever proven to be false, or if Scaramucci challenged it, and the reporters, when they showed the editors, look this is the evidence we relied on to say this about Scaramucci.The editor thought it was insufficient and withdrew the story and fired off two reporters and an editor. So, I could be proven wrong, but I feel like it is something that would not happen at The Post because I think CNN is trying to add a capacity. It was sort of a new investigative unit, and they were trying to integrate digital and the TV. There’s not sort of like a unified command structure the way there is at The Post. The Post has a really good system. If they’re going to say something big, it goes to lawyers, it goes to top editors who have spent their whole lives vetting stories to make sure that they’re backed up. Now, it’s possible something gets through. It’s possible a reporter lies about what he or she has to rely on. But I think we’re better protected against that. That said, we’re, I mean, so much about the Trump Administration, especially the Russia story, which I don’t really cover, but I sit near the people that do, it’s so difficult to report on because everything is an on background source.There’s so much secrecy involved. And the part of the story that resides in Russia, there’s so much disinformation involved. So I know those folks have been so careful about reporting things because there’s so many different ways in which your story, you know, you need to make sure your story stands up. In terms of what the editors expect of me, the person who won the Pulitzer Prize at The Post before I did immediately took a two-year long book leave, so nobody saw her for two years.So the fact that I’m there at all is like a huge win for them. So the expectations have been lowered for me. To me the important thing is to try to, so I’m on this new beat, covering the Trump Organization, and Trump golf clubs, and everything else. It’s a whole world to map. You know, who the customers are, who the members are, where the locations are, what legal fights they’re in. So I felt like I went from last year, where on the Trump charity beat, where I knew everything. I knew all the different players. I knew where news was going to break. I knew the whole universe, to starting a new beat where this year everything that I learned, every new thing that I discovered, illuminates a whole world that I don’t know. And I’m like oh man, I didn’t know that. Now look at all this stuff that I need to learn. I’m finally feeling like I’m up to speed enough to have a grasp of news that’s breaking, what’s different, but it’s taken me a long time.So I had not been very productive, but hopefully will be more productive in the next few months. Still, I got like six months before they come after me. (audience laughing) Can I answer one more question? Yeah. In the back. So the recent election feature, Truth, Discovery, and the Pulitzer Prize Winning Journalism that these findings didn’t seem to make the same impact on the American populous as in previous cycles.Why do you think that was, and how did you and your colleagues deal with that potentially frustrating reality? So I’ll tell you a story, and then I’ll answer the question. Right after Access Hol–, so I was the one who broke the Access Hollywood story, and for like two weeks after that, or maybe a week after that, it seemed like this is the story that’s going to change the election. This was a turning point. I was interviewed in that period by a German reporter who was writing a story about how this amazing Access Hollywood thing changed the election, and in typical German jovialness, we go over the fact that I wrote this story, and it’s changed everything, and he says, “Do you think this was the peak of your life?” (audience laughing) And I was like, maybe, I don’t know, maybe.And then fast forward a month. The election comes and goes, Trump wins. Another German reporter interviewed me, and we talked about the whole election, wasn’t it crazy and everything. At the end, he was like, “Do you think that maybe “none of it mattered at all?” So I’ve really been, like really it’s not a very cheerful country. (audience laughing) So I will say, on the one hand, I never expected that any story of mine was going to swing the election.There’s two candidates in the election, both of whom were very flawed. Voters had to choose between those two. I’m not going to say I did something that should rule out one candidate. One candidate has to win because of this story that I wrote. So I never expected that I would change the outcome. It’s too complicated, and I think honestly that the thing that really changed the election, that gave Trump the win, rather than it being Russians or anything else, was Jim Comley’s letter saying that Hillary’s emails were back under investigation, which was a reference to a real scandal, something that Hillary Clinton really did.I think that was the deciding factor. I think if the order had been reversed, if that came first and Access Hollywood came second, the election might have turned out differently. So, I think that’s the. I wasn’t expecting the election to turn out that way. I was expecting my story to change the election. The goal for me was to show people Donald Trump. You know, this is a guy who spends his whole life constructing a facade about himself, as every politician does. What’s the reality of it, you know? Who is he really underneath it? Give people a sense of when he’s not in public, what kind of a person is he? Is he really? What kind of moral obligation does he really feel? He spent the whole election saying, “I care about you.”I care about you, the public.” I’m going to do things to help you, the public. Well, let’s look back at his life and say, when he had this fabulous wealth, and he told people that he cared about helping the public with that wealth, did he really do it? And I felt like I gave people that. I didn’t feel like there wasn’t any mystery to it. I showed people that part of his personality, so you could really understand him. And like what you do after that, how you vote after that, that’s not my job to affect. So I don’t think they’ll ever be a candidate like Trump again. Maybe I could be wrong, somebody like Trump might win in Alabama tonight in the senate primary.Maybe Kid Rocco will be president next time. I don’t think there will ever be a candidate like Trump, but I think we hopefully learn some lessons out of that that will help us cover whoever is next. So, thank you all. (audience clapping).

FREE Algorithm Course – The Impact of Automation & AI on Journalism

Posted in Home Furnishings, Local journalism, Uncategorized on December 11th, 2020
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Hello, I’m Nicholas Diakopoulos. I’m a professor of communication studies at Northwestern University. I’ll be your teacher for this new MOOC on News Algorithms the impact of automation and AI on journalism Now whether to enhancescale efficiency breadth of coverage or to createentirely new likelihoods through optimization and personalization, There are exciting and approximately supernatural things that algorithms make possible. But algorithms and AI are not magic I’m not here to hype you on the technology in this course. The actuality is that news algorithms are about how to blend the best of automation and AI into the way reporters and editors wield. Now you may already be wondering what is he talking about when he says algorithms or AI? Algorithms are just a setseries of steps taken in order to achieve some aftermath. A cooking recipe is an algorithm . Though chiefly still to be undertaken by parties. In such courses, we’ll talk about algorithms that keep going computers to process info. Information recipes cooked by personal computers. Artificial intelligence orAIon the other hand is about algorithms that are able to perform tasks naturally asking human intelligence.These engineerings are now used throughout the news production pipeline from computational fib invention tools to automated content make and bots to story delivery algorithms likenews feeds and recommender plans. If you take such courses, you’ll get an overview of all these application neighborhoods. You’ll also come away with a sharper critical heart towards algorithms and how they impact the media system and society and you’ll gain knowledge that informs your own tactical inventive and responsible adoption of these technologies in practice. I hope you’ll meet me for four weeks starting February 11 th. It’s a free course open for everyone impelled possible by the Knight Center at UT Austin . You can cross-file now at< JournalismCourses.org I hope to see you in the course ..

RTS – Television Journalism Awards 2011/2012 – Home Current Affairs-

Posted in Home Furnishings, Local journalism, Uncategorized on December 5th, 2020
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this was an outstandingly strong study of really wellmade impactful current liaisons movies but given that it broke one of “the worlds largest” narratives the year which even now evidences few mansions of waning from public sentiment and which others had shied away from running the winner by an overwhelming boundary is showing the other side of Jimmy Savile here to collect the accolade Mark Williams Thomas there’s the gardener Alexander God Thank You RTS it’s a difficult war to accept because I care I wasn’t here I please I wasn’t here because I’d adoration Jimmy Savile to have felt the full force of his beasts and felt the criminal justice system that said five gals granted their strong their ideology their trust not just in me but in ITV to tell their story and that’s what we did we pay them the time through the media through the ability of the media to tell their story and I’m grateful for them allowing me and trusting me to do that but I couldn’t have done it alone and while we did have a very small team I have to say that the person that enabled this story to be told and told in a way that the balance was there it was wasn’t startling is anyway we just simply told the story his Leslie gardener who I could not have done the programme without in addition to that it’s worth thanking those other people who were crucial to the program a programme designed that we stopped unusually very quiet we hindered awfully extremely secretive for the obvious rationalizations that are now in the public domain and that is the assistant producer Rebecca haga who was fantastic as well but the two people who I imagine enabled this program to be made was an its Gardner and Ian Squires could without those two parties this program would not have been commissioned in addition to providing that the cameraman Nigel fairburn who was brilliant because of the route that he dealt with everybody in the program and a personal thank to my partner who has abode me being away not just in making this program but in other programs and it’s probably reasonably pretty sick of hearing the name Savile which continues over and over again and the bequest is is that now we’re in a position which is why i do accept parties feel confident to come forward we’ve seen that we’ve seen the programs now that have come out talking about other people so i accept this ward not just on behalf of those five women who gave us their accounts allowed us to tell their story but actually to everybody who suffered at the paws of Jimmy Savile it’s a great pity he isn’t here he didn’t die in jail but that is the way and that is the power of the media so every single person now works in journalism that is the power of media and that what we can do and I do believe there was a shift change there was a power imbalance that has been changed and I accept this award on behalf of every martyr of Jimmy Savile thank

David Carr: Government Funding Of Journalism is Not the Answer

Posted in Home Furnishings, Local journalism, Uncategorized on November 29th, 2020
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buster I do think you guys dismiss some of the very real track should not ignore but underestimate some of the very real traction of these lettuce shoots Texas Tribune which has a focus on transparency and commonwealth authority in Texas exactly busted through every fundraising goal they have they have a hybrid mannequin of journalism MinnPost gaining traction in minneapolis singer of San Diego starting to come on I do anticipate part of what’s going on is you can fix the contention and I judge honorably it’s not enough it’s a but that’s not how convert pass you don’t fling the switch on the future and walk into a light future there you you guys in your works say we can’t render a 10 or 20 time roars and accountability journalism well there is gonna be a sort of i think a period of time when when there’s going to be some frictional the modifications and parties like me believe me part of the future is so dead being ugly i was interviewing a guy today he runs a company announced necessitate media he facilitates run for your lives and what they do is research headlines that will work on the web and then they hang up that dead headline in a manipulate country like a virtual toil range and all of the reporters that Robert and John wrote about who are out of work then to write that story which has been created by some consumer algorithm and they end up going twenty dollars for a fib about how to go your kayak I I’m not really excited about living in that version of the future the problem is is information in pushing both double every single year in in a virtual style that that the forming high quality content does need a money a mile I don’t deem authority as either dependable as efficacious and is capable I entail even though they are you look at the public modelings of journalism that are out there of NPR and public television they’re being funded less than twenty percentage of their budget is coming from government beings have to index in and vote in favor of efficacious trusted information and to say over the long haul at a time when when we can’t fund class we can’t store the infrastructure that you were talking about where we’re closing crew Vincent’s Hospital where we’re working out of six year aged textbooks to say well we really need to line up and and store journalism moving forward you all read the storey today about ten years of deficits going forward the answer to everything is government money over and over again and at a certain point we as a culture are going to have to take a look at our priorities and look for both citizens the private sector in the altruistic area to come together with hybrid simulations that render a sustainable form of journalism going for it that doesn’t depend on Uncle Sam for handouts don’t you know what we’re in an age where government can pretty much merely shove whatever they want down your throat government is increasing control feeding you corporate ID through their corporate workers feeding you over and over what they want you to know and so the the idea that that immense guardian journalism is going to come from a governmentfunded media over the long term I think is frankly extravagant well then the question is how come

Students talk about the new journalism department at City University

Posted in Home Furnishings, Local journalism, Uncategorized on November 23rd, 2020
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my call is Frederick Dawson and I’m a student in surmounts International Journalism okay and so the new district is really really nice like much bigger improvement over our previous equipment up in the other building however they weren’t prepared for her first part expression which provide a lot of problems and evenly like the international students rarely do anything now which is quite annoying we have computer grades but there any other computer labs that are in the aged part of building that don’t have the newest journalism software and most of them are still in labs with lots of cracked computers hinder computers asked why they’re like that no one’s actually being able to give us an answer i’m christopher anderson I’m be a journalism student I recollect the television studio which I haven’t ill-used yet but sorry an exciting and yeah I’m when I’m doing the pole graduate certificate in newspaper it in principle it seems a little nicer liver but yeah things think we should work and that’s still on and likewise vied others would rinse it out so there’s a couple of days a week we don’t happen merely having a central centre to work in means you insure everybody all the time and yeah I’m very much selling busy right now

Journalism | View Nick McKenzie’s story

Posted in Home Furnishings, Local journalism, Uncategorized on November 17th, 2020
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Theres a whole compas of things you lookfor when someones hiding something. I necessitate it can be as simple as looking at somebody language. Our society is filled with confidentials. People in strength don’t want the public to knowwhat is going on behind closed doors. My name is Nick McKenzie, I studied a Bachelorof Communication in Journalism at RMIT. I’m an investigative reporter with Fairfax Media. RMIT was really a springboard into my careerbecause it gave me the basics of how to be a journalist. Dig hard-bitten, push hard, be fairand honest. All those key things I learned is truly been a part of my vocation and willremain so into the future.What actually drives me I suspects is when thereis vulnerable people. People without a tone “whos got” stood over by the potent and itsour errand as reporters is to give them a tone. I meditate the key to being a good journalistis having a really great sense of interest, a passion to find out whats going on behindthe panoramas. Truth is not a simple concept, details arentfixed in stone. Its about testing knowledge, its about detecting little evidences to builda picture and hopefully that that envision that you tell the public is as close to thetruth as possible. And in no event will I ever ever giveup the resources. My job is to pick opposes with beings, people who deserve it, people whohave it coming. I approximate every day I wake up and know Imheading to work to find out something that the public deserves to know. And if youredoing that everyday you come home at night and its exceptionally rewarding. You collapsein your bunked and you go to yourself Its been worth noting .[ Screen deed] Be true to you CRICOS: 00122 A